Financial technologies, artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, electric and autonomous vehicles and e-commerce will continue to transform production processes, business models and government regulation. On this page you will find Moody’s research about emerging technologies and their potential to affect credit risk in various sectors and asset classes.
Bank Regulation and Capital
The far-reaching nature of various political shifts under way across the world, particularly in advanced economies, has raised the potential for significant changes in policy direction. On this page, you will find Moody's research about key credit issues related to upcoming elections and political developments globally
The UK's decision to leave the European Union has far-reaching credit consequences across all sectors and regions
Market participants are focusing more on the potential for environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues to impact investment decisions and to assist in the development of a more sustainable economy. We capture ESG considerations into our analysis and ratings when we believe that such factors materially affect a debt issuer’s credit quality. This topic page aggregates Moody’s research related to ESG considerations in credit analysis and the growth and development of green finance globally.
In addition to the credit drivers considered in our bank rating methodology, global systemically important banks with significant capital markets activities (the global investment banks, or “GIBs”) have several business-model characteristics that can pose unique or pronounced risks to their creditors. These include: (1) exposure to significant earnings volatility and tail risks, (2) the need for reliable and robust non-capital-markets earnings and capital cushions to protect against unexpected losses, (3) greater absolute and relative reliance on wholesale funding, and (4) a confidence-sensitive customer base. In addition, regulatory investigations and litigation relating to legacy issues present ongoing, material risks to some of these firms.
Since their introduction in 2007, green bonds have gained attention for their potential role in mobilizing capital toward environmental solutions. Capital market financing needs--in combination with growing investor demand, standardization of offerings, and the issuance of benchmark-sized deals that are effectively priced, both investment grade and potentially speculative or non-investment grade--are expected to lift green bond issuance in the years to come. This topic page aggregates Moody’s green bonds oriented research, covering trends and developments, relevant company specific research and green bond assessments as well as related environmental topics more broadly.