Approximately $67.7 Million of Structured Securities Affected
New York, December 17, 2010 -- Moody's Investors Service (Moody's) downgraded the rating of one class
and affirmed five classes of Chase Commercial Mortgage Securities Corp.,
Commercial Mortgage Pass-Through Certificates, Series 1998-1,
Cl. X, Affirmed at Aaa (sf); previously on May 15,
1998 Assigned Aaa (sf)
Cl. E, Affirmed at Aaa (sf); previously on Apr 17,
2008 Upgraded to Aaa (sf)
Cl. F, Affirmed at Aaa (sf); previously on May 7,
2009 Upgraded to Aaa (sf)
Cl. G, Affirmed at A1 (sf); previously on May 7,
2009 Upgraded to A1 (sf)
Cl. H, Affirmed at Ba3 (sf); previously on May 7,
2009 Upgraded to Ba3 (sf)
Cl. I, Downgraded to Caa3 (sf); previously on Apr 17,
2008 Downgraded to Caa2 (sf)
The downgrade is due to higher than expected losses for the pool resulting
from realized and anticipated losses from specially serviced loans.
The affirmations are due to key parameters, including Moody's
loan to value (LTV) ratio, Moody's stressed DSCR and the Herfindahl
Index (Herf), remaining within acceptable ranges. Based on
our current base expected loss, the credit enhancement levels for
the affirmed classes are sufficient to maintain their current ratings.
Moody's rating action reflects a cumulative base expected loss of
7.4% of the current balance. At last review,
Moody's cumulative base expected loss was 3.2%.
Moody's stressed scenario loss is 15.5% of the current
balance. Moody's provides a current list of base and stress
scenario losses for conduit and fusion CMBS transactions on moodys.com
Depending on the timing of loan payoffs and the severity and timing of
losses from specially serviced loans, the credit enhancement level
for investment grade classes could decline below the current levels.
If future performance materially declines, the expected level of
credit enhancement and the priority in the cash flow waterfall may be
insufficient for the current ratings of these classes.
Moody's analysis reflects a forward-looking view of the likely
range of collateral performance over the medium term. From time
to time, Moody's may, if warranted, change these
expectations. Performance that falls outside an acceptable range
of the key parameters may indicate that the collateral's credit
quality is stronger or weaker than Moody's had anticipated during
the current review. Even so, deviation from the expected
range will not necessarily result in a rating action. There may
be mitigating or offsetting factors to an improvement or decline in collateral
performance, such as increased subordination levels due to amortization
and loan payoffs or a decline in subordination due to realized losses.
Primary sources of assumption uncertainty are the current stressed macroeconomic
environment and continuing weakness in the commercial real estate and
lending markets. Moody's currently views the commercial real
estate market as stressed with further performance declines expected in
the industrial, office, and retail sectors. Hotel performance
has begun to rebound, albeit off a very weak base. Multifamily
has also begun to rebound reflecting an improved supply / demand relationship.
The availability of debt capital is improving with terms returning towards
market norms. Job growth and housing price stability will be necessary
precursors to commercial real estate recovery. Overall, Moody's
central global scenario remains "hook-shaped" for 2010
and 2011; we expect overall a sluggish recovery in most of the world's
largest economies, returning to trend growth rate with elevated
fiscal deficits and persistent unemployment levels.
The principal methodologies used in these ratings were "CMBS: Moody's
Approach to Rating U.S. Conduit Transactions" published
in September 2000 and "CMBS: Moody's Approach to Rating Credit Tenant
Lease (CTL) Backed Transactions" published in October 1998.
In addition to methodologies and research available on moodys.com,
Moody's publishes a weekly summary of structured finance credit,
ratings and methodologies, available to all registered users of
our website, at www.moodys.com/SFQuickCheck.
Moody's review incorporated the use of the excel-based CMBS
Conduit Model v 2.50 which is used for both conduit and fusion
transactions. Conduit model results at the Aa2 level are driven
by property type, Moody's actual and stressed DSCR,
and Moody's property quality grade (which reflects the capitalization
rate used by Moody's to estimate Moody's value). Conduit
model results at the B2 level are driven by a paydown analysis based on
the individual loan level Moody's LTV ratio. Moody's
Herfindahl score (Herf), a measure of loan level diversity,
is a primary determinant of pool level diversity and has a greater impact
on senior certificates. Other concentrations and correlations may
be considered in our analysis. Based on the model pooled credit
enhancement levels at Aa2 and B2, the remaining conduit classes
are either interpolated between these two data points or determined based
on a multiple or ratio of either of these two data points. For
fusion deals, the credit enhancement for loans with investment-grade
credit estimates is melded with the conduit model credit enhancement into
an overall model result. Fusion loan credit enhancement is based
on the credit estimate of the loan which corresponds to a range of credit
enhancement levels. Actual fusion credit enhancement levels are
selected based on loan level diversity, pool leverage and other
concentrations and correlations within the pool. Negative pooling,
or adding credit enhancement at the credit estimate level, is incorporated
for loans with similar credit estimates in the same transaction.
For deals that include a pool of CTL loans, Moody's currently
uses a Gaussian copula model, incorporated in its public CDO rating
model CDOROMv2.6 to generate a portfolio loss distribution to assess
the ratings. Under Moody's CTL approach, the rating
of a transaction's certificates is primarily based on the senior
unsecured debt rating (or the corporate family rating) of the tenant,
usually an investment grade rated company, leasing the real estate
collateral supporting the bonds. This tenant's credit rating
is the key factor in determining the probability of default on the underlying
lease. The lease generally is "bondable", which
means it is an absolute net lease, yielding fixed rent paid to the
trust through a lock-box, sufficient under all circumstances
to pay in full all interest and principal of the loan. The leased
property should be owned by a bankruptcy-remote, special
purpose borrower, which grants a first lien mortgage and assignment
of rents to the securitization trust. The dark value of the collateral,
which assumes the property is vacant or "dark", is then
examined to determine a recovery rate upon a loan's default.
Moody's also considers the overall structure and legal integrity
of the transaction.
Moody's uses a variation of Herf to measure diversity of loan size,
where a higher number represents greater diversity. Loan concentration
has an important bearing on potential rating volatility, including
risk of multiple notch downgrades under adverse circumstances.
The credit neutral Herf score is 40. The pool has a Herf of 4,
the same as at last review.
In cases where the Herf falls below 20, Moody's generally
also employs the large loan/single borrower methodology. Moody's
did not employ this methodology in the review of this deal despite the
low Herf Index due to a significant increase in credit subordination since
our last review. Moody's incorporated additional stresses in our
cash flow analysis to offset the decline in loan diversity.
Moody's ratings are determined by a committee process that considers
both quantitative and qualitative factors. Therefore, the
rating outcome may differ from the model output.
The rating action is a result of Moody's on-going surveillance
of commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS) transactions. Moody's
monitors transactions on a monthly basis through two sets of quantitative
tools -- MOST® (Moody's Surveillance Trends) and CMM
(Commercial Mortgage Metrics) on Trepp -- and on a periodic
basis through a comprehensive review. Moody's prior full review
is summarized in a press release dated May 7, 2009. Please
see the ratings tab on the issuer / entity page on moodys.com for
the last rating action and the ratings history.
Moody's Investors Service did not receive or take into account a
third party due diligence report on the underlying assets or financial
instruments related to the monitoring of this transaction in the past
As of the November 20, 2010 distribution date, the transaction's
aggregate certificate balance has decreased by 91% to $76.0
million from $817.9 million at securitization. The
Certificates are collateralized by 14 mortgage loans ranging in size from
less than 1% to 14% of the pool, with the top ten
non-defeased loans representing 83% of the pool.
The pool contains seven loans, representing 53% of the pool,
that are CTL loans.
Three loans, representing 26% of the pool, are on the
master servicer's watchlist. The watchlist includes loans
which meet certain portfolio review guidelines established as part of
the CRE Finance Council (CREFC) monthly reporting package. As part
of our ongoing monitoring of a transaction, Moody's reviews the
watchlist to assess which loans have material issues that could impact
Two loan have been liquidated from the pool, resulting in an aggregate
realized loss of $6.2 million (48% loss severity
on average). Currently, there is one loan in special servicing,
which represents 12.5% of the pool. The Pine Tree
Mall Loan was transferred to special servicing in March 2008 for maturity
default after the borrower was unable to secure re-financing.
The special servicer granted a forbearance period, which ended in
January 2009. The borrower filed for bankruptcy in February 2009.
The special servicer engaged counsel and filed foreclosure in April 2010.
The loan is secured by a 261,700 square foot retail center located
in Marinette, Wisconsin. The center is anchored by Wal-Mart
(37% of the net rentable area (NRA), lease expiration in
January 2018; Younkers/The Bon-Ton Stores (25% of the
NRA; lease expiration in September 2013) and J.C. Penney
(15% of the NRA; lease expiration in October 2013).
As of October 2010, the in-line mall was 85% leased
compared to 87% occupied at last review. The master servicer
has recognized a $3.3 million appraisal reduction for this
specially serviced loan. Moody's has estimated an aggregate
$3.89 million loss (41% expected loss on average)
for this loan.
Moody's was provided with full year 2009 and partial year 2010 operating
results for 100% and 70% of the conduit pool, respectively.
Excluding specially serviced and CTL loans, Moody's weighted
average LTV is 46% compared to 53% at Moody's prior
review. Moody's net cash flow reflects a weighted average
haircut of 15.6% to the most recently available net operating
income. Moody's value reflects a weighted average capitalization
rate of 10.1%.
Excluding specially serviced and CTL loans, Moody's actual
and stressed DSCRs are 1.58X and 2.64X, respectively,
compared to 1.47X and 2.29X at last review. Moody's
actual DSCR is based on Moody's net cash flow (NCF) and the loan's
actual debt service. Moody's stressed DSCR is based on Moody's
NCF and a 9.25% stressed rate applied to the loan balance.
The top three performing conduit loans represent 27% of the pool
balance. The largest loan is the 299 Broadway Loan ($9.2
million -- 12.1% of the pool), which
is secured by a 229,800 square foot office building located in New
York City. As of December 2010, the property was 96%
leased compared to 90% at last review. Performance has improved
due to higher revenues and lower operating expenses. The loan has
amortized 7% since last review and 29% since securitization.
Moody's LTV and stressed DSCR are 42% and 2.61X,
respectively, compared to 53% and 2.05X at last review.
The second largest loan is the Columbia Wellness Center Loan ($7.7
million -- 10.2% of the pool), which
is secured by a 61,000 square foot medical office building located
in Framingham, Massachusetts. The property is 100%
leased by two tenants -- Southboro Medical Group (34% of the
NRA; leases expiration in 2013) and Tenet-Metro-Wellness
Center (66% of the NRA; lease expiration in 2020).
Moody's LTV and stressed DSCR are 66% and 1.63X,
respectively, compared to 75% and 1.43X at last review.
The third largest loan is the Royal Palm Apartments Loan ($3.44
million -- 4.5% of the pool) which is secured
by a 288-unit multifamily property located in Orland, Florida.
As of September 2010 the property was 90% leased compared to 91%
at last review. For 2009, net operating income declined 3%
since last review. Performance remains stable due increase in amortization.
Moody's LTV and stressed DSCR are 40% and 2.6X,
respectively, compared to 39% and 2.66X at last review.
The CTL component includes seven loans secured by properties leased under
bondable leases. The largest CTL exposures are Brinker International,
Inc. ($24.7 million; Moody's senior unsecured
rating Ba2, stable outlook), Star Market ($8.5
million; an affiliate of Supervalu, Inc. which has a
Moody's senior unsecured rating B2, stable outlook), and H.E.
Butt Grocery Stores ($6.9 million).
Information sources used to prepare the credit rating are the following:
parties involved in the ratings, parties not involved in the ratings,
public information, confidential and proprietary Moody's Investors
Service information, and confidential and proprietary Moody's
Moody's Investors Service considers the quality of information available
on the issuer or obligation satisfactory for the purpose of maintaining
a credit rating.
Moody's adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses
in assigning a credit rating is of sufficient quality and from sources
Moody's considers to be reliable including, when appropriate,
independent third-party sources. However, Moody's
is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or
validate information received in the rating process.
Please see ratings tab on the issuer/entity page on Moodys.com
for the last rating action and the rating history.
The date on which some Credit Ratings were first released goes back to
a time before Moody's Investors Service's Credit Ratings were fully digitized
and accurate data may not be available. Consequently, Moody's
Investors Service provides a date that it believes is the most reliable
and accurate based on the information that is available to it.
Please see the ratings disclosure page on our website www.moodys.com
for further information.
Please see the Credit Policy page on Moodys.com for the methodologies
used in determining ratings, further information on the meaning
of each rating category and the definition of default and recovery.
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Investors Service
VP - Senior Credit Officer
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Investors Service
Moody's Investors Service
Moody's Downgrades One Class and Affirms Five CMBS Classes of CCMSC 1998-1
250 Greenwich Street
New York, NY 10007