Approximately USDm of securities rated
London, 15 November 2010 -- Moody's Investors Service has assigned the following provisional ratings
to asset-backed notes (Series 2010-1) to be issued by Gracechurch
Card Programme Funding PLC (the "Issuer"):
-(P)Aaa (sf) to the USD m Series 2010-1 Class
A Floating Rate Asset-Backed Notes due 2014.
Series 2010-1 is the third issuance of Gracechurch Card Programme
Funding PLC under its medium-term note programme and the 15th transaction
to be ultimately backed by credit card receivables from Barclays Bank
PLC's Gracechurch Receivables Trust. The assets backing the Notes
are receivables arising under designated MasterCard and Visa revolving
credit card accounts originated or acquired in the UK by Barclaycard,
a business unit of Barclays Bank PLC.
The ratings of the Class A Notes are based upon (i) the credit quality
of the portfolio; (ii) the credit enhancement level of 15.0%
provided by the Series 2010-1 Class D notes (unrated) as protection
against losses; (iii) the excess spread available to the transaction;
(iv) the expertise of Barclaycard as one of the leading originators and
servicers of credit card receivables in the UK; (v) the structural
and legal integrity of the transaction; and (vi) the strong credit
quality of Barclays Bank PLC (Aa3/Prime-1) in its role as servicer
and trust cash manager.
Moody's notes that there is no specific mechanism in the structure providing
liquidity to pay interest on the Class A Notes throughout the life of
the transaction in the event of any collections shortfall. All
other parameters remaining constant, a downgrade of Barclays Bank
PLC's long-term rating could negatively impact the initial
rating on the Class A Notes. The highest ratings on the other outstanding
notes issued and ultimately backed by the Gracechurch cards trust would
be similarly impacted.
The transaction uses the existing receivables trust structure which was
set up in November 1999. Barclaycard has assigned all receivables
that had arisen or would arise in the accounts originated under certain
designated product lines to the receivables trustee. The transaction
involves a two step debt issuance: the proceeds of the rated Notes
sold to investors finance the Issuer's purchase of limited recourse medium
term note certificates, with the MTN issuer in turn using the cash
to acquire an undivided beneficial interest in the receivables trust.
Interest will be paid monthly to the Notes in order of seniority from
collections received by the Receivables Trustee. The structure
envisions that, subject to specific criteria and triggers,
up until close of business on 31 October 2011, asset principal collections
received by the Receivables Trustee will be used to fund the transfer
of further receivables which arise under the designated accounts.
After this date, principal collections may be accumulated for a
period of up to 12 months for noteholders in order to redeem the Notes
at the scheduled maturity date. If the Notes are not fully repaid
on the scheduled maturity date, a rapid amortisation trigger will
be breached. The Notes have a final redemption date in 2014.
Barclaycard currently services the receivables in the receivables trust.
Moody's has recently reviewed the servicing operations of Barclaycard
and is comfortable that Barclaycard is well placed to fulfil its obligations
in relation to servicing of the receivables. The minimum transferor
interest floor is set at 5% to insure against dilution, fraud
Moody's has been monitoring the performances of the Gracechurch cards
trust since its inception. For an overview of the performance of
Gracechurch and the other UK credit card trusts, see Moody's quarterly
report UK Credit Card Indices.
Barclays offers repayment plan to certain customers experiencing financial
difficulties, which, in Moody's opinion, may result
in an artificial lowering of delinquency and charge-off rates and
a distortion of the performance-related ratios. On 2nd November
2010, Barclaycard repurchased over GBP639million worth of receivables
relating to accounts in debt management from the Receivables Trustee,
thereby clearing the trust of any repayment plan accounts. Moody's
will continue to monitor the size of repayment plans as a percentage of
the total trust balance going forward. Moody's had previously
taken the issue of debt repayment plans into consideration in its analysis
by considering a charge-off rate of up to 2.0% above
the reported charge-off rate as reflecting the true performance
of the trust. Moody's will consider the impact of Barclay's
recent repurchase on the charge-off rate assumption and may make
appropriate adjustments if it is satisfied that the level of debt repayment
plans is under control going forward. The annualised reported charge-off
rate in March 2010 amounted to 6.22%.
Moody's expects performance in the range of 8.0% to 10.0%
for charge-offs (see above), 16.0% to 18.0%
for yield and 15.5% to 17.5% for the payment
rate. Moody's performance expectations for a given variable indicate
Moody's forward-looking view of the likely range of performance
over the medium term. From time to time, Moody's may,
if warranted, change these expectations. Performance that
falls outside the given range may indicate that the collateral's credit
quality is stronger or weaker than Moody's had anticipated when the related
securities were rated. Even so, a deviation from the expected
range will not necessarily result in a rating action nor does performance
within expectations preclude such actions. The decision to take
(or not take) a rating action is dependent on an assessment of a range
of factors including, but not exclusively, the performance
On 15 June 2009, Moody's Investors Service announced that
it was reviewing the credit impact of an originator's insolvency
on UK credit card master trust transactions, including the Gracechurch
Receivables Trust. The review has focused on, amongst other
things, the impact of provisions in transaction documents that apply
following an originator insolvency event with the effect of (i) obliging
the receivables trustee to dispose of the securitised assets and dissolve
the master trust unless it is instructed not to do so by the relevant
investor beneficiary within 60 days and/or (ii) preventing the continued
assignment of receivables to the receivables trustee. Moody's
has received confirmation from Barclays Bank PLC that amendments to the
transactions have now been executed which, in Moody's opinion,
adequately mitigate the risks associated with the provisions mentioned
above. Specifically, Barclays Bank PLC has assigned to the
relevant receivables trustee all receivables which arise following the
originator's insolvency. Furthermore, the period during
which an investor beneficiary can take action to prevent a disposal of
trust assets has been extended to allow time for noteholders to vote on
whether disposal should be prevented. The process for arranging
the relevant noteholder meetings for this purpose has also been clarified.
Primary sources of assumption uncertainty are the current macroeconomic
environment: further increase in the unemployment rate in the UK
as a result of a deterioration of the country economy beyond stresses
already applied may have a significant impact on the assigned ratings.
Overall, Moody's central global scenario remains "Hook-shaped"
for 2010 and 2011; we expect overall sluggish recovery in most of
the world largest economies, returning to trend growth rate with
elevated fiscal deficits and persistent unemployment levels.
In addition, there is a relatively high degree of linkage of the
rating of the Notes to the rating of Barclays Bank PLC, also acting
as sponsor, seller, servicer, cash manager, swap
counterparty, account bank and expenses loan provider.
The principal methodology used in rating the Notes was Moody's Approach
to Rating Credit Card Receivables-Backed Securities rating methodology,
published in April 2007. Other methodologies and factors that may
have been considered in the process of rating the Notes can also be found
on Moody's website.
Moody's Investors Service received and took into account one or more third
party due diligence reports on the underlying assets or financial instruments
in this transaction and the due diligence reports had a neutral impact
on the rating.
Moody's credit card model mainly focuses on the following performance
parameters: (1) level of charge offs; (2) interest rates on
the Notes issued; (3) servicing fees; (4) size of the minimum
transferor interest; (5) the portfolio yield which is required for
a credit card issuer to break even; (6) the principal payment rate;
and (7) the purchase rate on the portfolio. Charge offs,
portfolio yield and principal payment rate are severely stressed in various
trust amortisation scenarios to determine the expected loss and hence
the required credit enhancement at the different rating levels.
In its stress cases, Moody's analyzes the effect of a sharp increase
in charge-offs on the pool. Charge-offs are stressed
immediately from the estimated steady state level to twice their expected
level, and assumed to continue to rise over time. Ultimately
they are assumed to rise to a level up to four times their expected rates.
Similarly, the payment rate and yield are immediately stressed from
an expected steady state assumption to a floor rate which equals approximately
1/3 and 2/3 of the expected steady state assumption respectively.
These stressed floor rates are maintained for the duration of the assumed
early amortization period.
The ratings address the expected loss posed to investors by the legal
final maturity date of the Notes. In Moody's opinion, the
structure allows for timely payment of interest and ultimate payment of
principal at par on or before their rated legal final maturity date.
Moody's ratings address only the credit risks associated with the transaction.
Other non-credit risks have not been addressed, but may have
a significant effect on yield to investors.
The rating has been disclosed to the rated entity or its designated agents
and issued with no amendment resulting from that disclosure.
Information sources used to prepare the credit rating are the following:
parties involved in the ratings, parties not involved in the ratings,
public information, confidential and proprietary Moody's Investors
Moody's Investors Service considers the quality of information available
on the issuer or obligation satisfactory for the purposes of assigning
a credit rating.
Moody's Investors Service may have provided Ancillary or Other Permissible
Service(s) to the rated entity or its related third parties within the
three years preceding the Credit Rating Action. Please see the
ratings disclosure page www.moodys.com/disclosures on our
website for further information.
Additional research, including the pre-sale report for this
transaction and reports for prior transactions, are available at
www.moodys.com. In addition Moody's publishes a weekly
summary of structured finance credit, ratings and methodologies,
available to all registered users of our website, at www.moodys.com/SFQuickCheck.
Moody's adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses
in assigning a credit rating is of sufficient quality and from sources
Moody's considers to be reliable including, when appropriate,
independent third-party sources. However, Moody's
is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or
validate information received in the rating process.
Please see ratings tab on the issuer/entity page on Moodys.com
for the last rating action and the rating history.
The date on which some Credit Ratings were first released goes back to
a time before Moody's Investors Service's Credit Ratings were fully digitized
and accurate data may not be available. Consequently, Moody's
Investors Service provides a date that it believes is the most reliable
and accurate based on the information that is available to it.
Please see the ratings disclosure page on our website www.moodys.com
for further information.
Please see the Credit Policy page on Moodys.com for the methodologies
used in determining ratings, further information on the meaning
of each rating category and the definition of default and recovery.
Vice President - Senior Analyst
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Investors Service Ltd.
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Senior Vice President
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Italia S.r.l
Moody's Investors Service Ltd.
Moody's assigns provisional ratings to ABS (Series 2010-1) issued by Gracechurch Card Programme Funding PLC
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