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Rating Action:

Moody's downgrades Italian banks; outlooks remain negative

Global Credit Research - 14 May 2012

Actions conclude the review announcements of 15 February 2012 and other dates

Milan, May 14, 2012 -- Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded by one to four notches the long-term debt and deposit ratings for 26 Italian banks, including five banks that are part of larger groups. In almost all cases, the rating actions reflect concurrent downgrades of these banks' standalone credit assessments, rather than changes in Moody's assumptions about levels of third party support, including Government support.

The debt and deposit ratings declined by one notch for 10 banks, two notches for eight banks, three notches for six banks, and four notches for two banks. The short-term ratings for 21 banks have also been downgraded by one to two notches, triggered by the long-term rating downgrades. The rating outlooks for all affected entities are negative; a Moody's rating outlook is an opinion regarding the likely direction of an issuer's rating over the medium term.

Furthermore, Moody's changed the rating outlooks for the standalone BFSR of five Italian banks to negative from stable. The debt and deposit ratings for nine more Italian banks remain on review for further downgrade, for reasons specific to each bank.

A full list of affected ratings can be found at this link http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBC_142105

For additional information on bank ratings, please refer to the webpage containing Moody's related announcements: http://www.moodys.com/bankratings2012

The ratings for Italian banks are now amongst the lowest within advanced European countries, reflecting these banks' susceptibility to the adverse operating environments in Italy and Europe. Today's rating actions reflect, to differing degrees for each affected bank, the following key drivers:

1.) Increasingly adverse operating conditions, with Italy's economy back in recession and government austerity reducing near-term economic demand;

2.) Mounting asset-quality challenges and weakened net profits, as problem loans and loan-loss provisions are rising; and

3.) Restricted access to market funding which, if persistent, will exert added pressure on banks to reduce assets, posing risks to their franchises and earnings.

Furthermore, recent events highlight the risks for creditors from potential weaknesses in governance, controls and risk management, especially at some smaller, privately-held banks. In addition, today's actions reflect drivers specific to some banks, which are detailed at the end of this release.

Moody's notes that several mitigating issues have limited the magnitude of the downgrades. Specifically, Moody's cites the substantial liquidity support that the European Central Bank (ECB) has made available, significantly reducing near-term default risk. Furthermore, many banks have strengthened their capital levels and continue to generate sizeable pre-provision earnings under difficult conditions.

Nevertheless, given already elevated problem loan levels and weakened profitability, Italian banks are particularly vulnerable to adverse operating conditions, which are likely to cause further asset quality deterioration, earnings pressure, and restricted market funding access. These risks are exacerbated by investor concerns over the sustainability of the Italian government's debt burden, which has contributed to the difficult wholesale funding conditions faced by Italian banks.

RATING OUTLOOKS ARE NEGATIVE

The rating outlooks for all banks affected by today's actions are negative. The revised rating levels reflect currently foreseen risks and the ratings are expected to be resilient to a degree of further stress. However, Moody's considers that there are several factors that could cause further downward adjustments, such as (i) increasing funding stress; (ii) a prolonged recession; (iii) crystallisation of corporate governance, control and risk management weaknesses; or (iv) further weakening of the Italian government's creditworthiness. Moody's noted that the potential for further rating transition is heightened by the possibility of rapid increases in problem loans, as has been evident following supervisory inspections of certain Italian banks.

Moody's has published a special comment today titled "Key Drivers of Italian Bank Rating Actions," (http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBC_141195) which provides more detail on the rationales for these rating actions. For more information on bank ratings, please refer to the webpage containing Moody's related announcements: http://www.moodys.com/bankratings2012.

RATINGS RATIONALE -- STANDALONE CREDIT STRENGTH

As stated, today's rating actions primarily reflect Moody's view that the standalone credit strength of the affected banks has weakened. Based on their standalone creditworthiness, the banks downgraded today now fall into the following four broad groups:

- The first group comprises UniCredit (deposit rating A3; bank standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) C- / baseline credit assessment (BCA) baa2) and Intesa Sanpaolo (deposits A3; BFSR C- / BCA baa1), which together account for almost one third of the Italian market by assets. Their standalone credit assessments reflect solid, diversified franchises that generate sizeable pre-provision earnings.

- The second group (six banks) comprises other Italian banks with standalone profiles of baa3 or higher -- including the fifth-largest bank, Unione di Banche Italiane (deposits Baa2; BFSR D+ / BCA baa3). Banks in this group are better positioned than most domestic peers to cope with the current recession, helped by overall solid franchises and above-average earnings capacity.

- The third group (seven banks) consists of banks with ba1 standalone credit assessments. These institutions -- including the fourth-largest Banco Popolare (deposits Baa3; BFSR D+ / BCA ba1) -- face more significant challenges, often including a combination of weak capital levels under Moody's adverse scenarios, insufficient internal capital generation and funding constraints.

- The fourth group (11 banks) comprises banks with standalone credit assessments below ba1, including the third-largest Banca Monte Dei Paschi (deposits Baa3; BFSR D / BCA ba2). This bank faces more substantial challenges, often due to asset quality, capital and/or funding issues.

FIRST DRIVER -- INCREASINGLY ADVERSE OPERATING CONDITIONS

An important driver of today's action is the banks' deteriorating operating environment, as demonstrated by Italy's relapse into recession in early 2012, with no clear signs of recovery. This deterioration followed a brief and shallow recovery after the 2008-09 recession and many prior years of slow growth. Italy's GDP is still below the level it recorded in 2007. Moreover, Moody's notes that the Italian government's austerity measures and structural reforms are weighing on the country's near-term economic outlook. Moody's expects the weak economic environment to cause further growth in loan delinquencies, particularly for corporate and small business borrowers; as well as persistent high provisioning costs, restricted revenue growth and ongoing investor concerns.

SECOND DRIVER -- MOUNTING ASSET-QUALITY PROBLEMS AND WEAKENED PROFITABILITY

Most banks affected by today's rating actions already have elevated levels of problem loans, and their net earnings are weakened by substantial loan-loss provisioning expenses. Consequently, they are vulnerable to further asset-quality deterioration caused by the renewed recession and the ongoing euro area debt crisis, which has led to high inflows of problem loans in 2011. The resulting high provisioning costs may further erode net profitability and could weaken some banks' capital levels.

THIRD DRIVER -- RESTRICTED ACCESS TO MARKET FUNDING

The third driver underlying today's rating action is the increased uncertainty and risk resulting from the prolonged period of restricted market access for most Italian banks. These banks complement their core retail deposit and retail bond funding with less stable market funding, which funded approximately 36% of rated banks' total assets at year-end 2011. Indicating funding pressures, Italian banks' debt issuance fell sharply in second-half 2011. Though Moody's-tracked debt issuance of Italian banks (mostly long-term bonds) recovered in first-quarter 2012, at their recent pace new debt issuances would not fully cover the amounts maturing in 2012.

Due to the continuing euro area debt crisis, access to non-retail funding sources has become more costly and restricted and has led many of these banks to borrow significant amounts from the ECB. Gross ECB borrowings of Italian banks amounted to EUR271 billion at the end of April 2012, up sharply from EUR41 billion at the end of June 2011; the current level is amongst the highest in Europe. The availability of three-year funds from the ECB has mitigated near-term funding stress; however, the significant reliance on such funds raises the issue of whether these banks will be able to normalise their funding bases over the medium-term.

Moody's recognises that many Italian banks rely more on retail funding (including bonds issued to retail investors) than some European peers. However, balance sheet growth in recent years has increasingly been funded by market funds, resulting in loan-to-deposit ratios significantly above 100% even for traditionally retail-funded institutions. Structural reliance on market funds now poses a key challenge for many banks.

RATINGS RATIONALE -- LONG- AND SHORT-TERM DEBT & DEPOSIT RATINGS

In most cases, Moody's did not change its assumptions about the availability of support from a bank's parent, its cooperative group, regional or local government or the central government. The sovereign's own reduced credit strength -- reflected in the recent government bond rating downgrade to A3, with a negative outlook, from A2 -- did not cause any of today's downgrades following reduced capacity of support embedded in the sovereign rating (see press release http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-adjusts-ratings-of-9-European-sovereigns-to-capture-downside--PR_237716, 13 February 2012).

Our assessment of Italy's cooperative group (Banche di Credito Cooperativo) led to a reduction of the uplift due to cooperative support factored into the debt and deposit ratings for several members of this group.

OVERVIEW AND RATINGS RATIONALE -- SUBORDINATED DEBT AND HYBRID RATINGS

In addition, Moody's has today downgraded the subordinated and hybrid ratings for 17 Italian banks by one to five notches. For banks whose senior subordinated debt ratings had incorporated assumptions about government (or systemic) support, these assumptions have been removed. The removal of support from this debt class reflects Moody's view that in Italy, systemic support for subordinated debt may no longer be sufficiently predictable or reliable to be a sound basis for incorporating uplift into Moody's ratings. (For more detail, see 29 November 2011 announcement "Moody's reviews European banks' subordinated, junior and Tier 3 debt for downgrade, http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-European-banks-subordinated-junior-and-Tier-3-debt--PR_231957)

In addition, Moody's now rates junior subordinated debt two notches (previously one notch) below a bank's adjusted baseline credit assessment (which reflects a bank's standalone strength, parent and cooperative group support, but not government support).

TODAY'S ACTIONS FOLLOW REVIEW ANNOUNCENTS ON 15 FEBRUARY 2012 AND OTHER DATES

Today's rating actions follow Moody's decision to review for downgrade the ratings for 114 European financial institutions, including Italian banks (see "Moody's reviews Ratings for European Banks", 15 February 2012 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-Reviews-Ratings-for-European-Banks--PR_237914). Some banks downgraded today had been placed on review for downgrade on other dates (see Moody's reviews for downgrade Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena's ratings, 2 February 2012 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-for-downgrade-Banca-Monte-dei-Paschi-di-Sienas--PR_235963); Moody's reviews for downgrade UniCredit's A2/C- ratings (Italy), 16 November 2011 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-for-downgrade-UniCredits-A2C-ratings-Italy--PR_231069); Moody's reviews Banca Popolare di Spoleto's ratings for downgrade (Italy), 27 October 2011 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-Banca-Popolare-di-Spoletos-ratings-for-downgrade-Italy--PR_229388); Moody's reviews Mediocredito Trentino-Alto Adige's D+ BFSR for downgrade, 3 April 2012 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-Mediocredito-Trentino-Alto-Adiges-D-BFSR-for-downgrade--PR_241223); Moody's reviews Cassa Centrale Banca, Cassa Centrale Raiffeisen and Banca Padovana for downgrade, 3 April 2012 (http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-reviews-Cassa-Centrale-Banca-Cassa-Centrale-Raiffeisen-and-Banca--PR_241589).

Separate from today's actions, Moody's has recently downgraded the ratings for Banca Tercas (see "Moody's downgrades Banca Tercas to B3/E+; ratings remain on review for downgrade", 7 May 2012; http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-downgrades-Banca-Tercas-to-B3E-ratings-remain-on-review--PR_245144) and Banca Monastier (see "Moody's downgrades Banca Monastier e del Sile to B2/E+; ratings remain on review for downgrade", 8 May 2012; http://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-downgrades-Banca-Monastier-e-del-Sile-to-B2E-ratings--PR_245176)

WHAT COULD MOVE THE RATINGS UP/DOWN

Upgrades of the banks' ratings are unlikely in the near term, given the factors previously cited that have led to our continuing negative outlooks. However, a limited amount of upward rating pressure could develop if any bank substantially improves its credit profile and resilience to the prevailing conditions. This may occur through increased standalone strength, e.g. bolstered capital and liquidity buffers, work-out of asset quality challenges or improved earnings. Improved credit strength could also result from external support, e.g. via a change in ownership or the receipt of capital or liquidity injections.

Several factors could cause further downward rating changes, such as (i) increasing funding stress and reliance on central bank support, which would raise pressure on banks to deleverage, with adverse consequences for asset quality; (ii) a prolonged recession, which could similarly further exacerbate already adverse asset-quality trends and impair capital; or (iii) a weakening of the Italian government's credit strength.

RESEARCH REFERENCES

For further detail please refer to:

- List of Affected Issuers (http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBC_142105), 14 May 2012

- Special Comment: Key Drivers of Italian Bank Rating Actions, 14 May 2012

- Press Release: Moody's Reviews Ratings for European Banks, 15 Feb 2012

- Special Comment "How Sovereign Credit Quality May Affect Other Ratings", 13 Feb 2012.

- Special Comment: Euro Area Debt Crisis Weakens Bank Credit Profiles, 19 Jan 2012

- Special Comment: European Banks: How Moody's Analytic Approach Reflects Evolving Challenges, 19 Jan 2012

Moody's webpages with additional information:

- http://www.moodys.com/bankratings2012

- http://www.moodys.com/eusovereign

The methodologies used in these ratings were Bank Financial Strength Ratings: Global Methodology, published in February 2007, and Incorporation of Joint-Default Analysis into Moody's Bank Ratings: Global Methodology, published in March 2012. Please see the Credit Policy page on www.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.

BANK-SPECIFIC RATING CONSIDERATIONS

UNICREDIT SPA

UniCredit's standalone credit assessment was lowered to baa2 from baa1, within the C- standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) category, which was confirmed at this level, whilst its long- and short-term deposit and debt ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1. The outlook on the C- standalone BFSR and on the A3 long-term deposit rating is negative.

Moody's says that the lowering of the standalone credit assessment to baa2 reflects (i) UniCredit's weakening profitability and asset quality; (ii) its restricted access to market funding; and (iii) the increasingly difficult operating environment that the group faces, particularly in the Italian market, where conditions have deteriorated significantly since H1 2011. The expectation that these rating drivers may persist for some time, and possibly intensify, underlies the negative outlook on the bank's standalone BFSR.

The rating agency notes that in this environment, the financial targets set out in the bank's November 2011 strategic plan, including a net profit of EUR3.8 billion by 2013, and EUR6.5 billion by 2015, are likely to have become more difficult to achieve. Pre-provision operating profit for 2011 declined by 9.4% to EUR9.7 billion. Gross impaired loans increased by 6.3% in 2011, with the increase relating mainly to exposures in Italy, and this trend has continued in Q1 2012. Although UniCredit has significant geographic diversification, Italy remains its single largest market, and conditions in the country will therefore significantly affect the group's performance. With Italy now in recession, there is potential for profitability and asset quality to weaken further during 2012.

Moody's notes that UniCredit has a relatively robust liquidity framework, including a substantial portfolio of ECB eligible assets, which are sufficient to cover wholesale maturities for a period significantly in excess of 12 months. However, the rating agency notes that UniCredit has significant reliance on confidence sensitive, more restricted, and costly funding sources, and there is a risk that the current more restricted and costly market access will continue for an extended period. Uncertainty regarding when UniCredit will again be able to fund itself regularly -- and on an economic basis -- is therefore a key credit and rating driver. The group's geographic diversification does however provide some benefits. UniCredit's operations in certain markets, such as Germany, improve its funding diversification and provide some mitigant to a more sensitive funding market in Italy.

Moody's notes that UniCredit's capital adequacy has been strengthened, through the successful completion of a EUR7.5 billion capital increase in January 2012, contributing to a Core Tier 1 ratio of 10.3% at March 2012. This has provided a more substantial buffer against potential losses, also in Moody's stressed scenario.

Moody's also acknowledges the group's strong franchises in several markets, including Italy, where the profitability of UniCredit's commercial banking business has improved in 2011 and into the first quarter of 2012. However, further improvements may prove more challenging given the recession in Italy.

Important elements that limited the lowering of BCA to one notch only are (i) the resilience of the group's profitability, stemming from its wide geographic and business-line diversification; and (ii) the strengthening of capital adequacy, after the recent capital raising.

UniCredit's A3 long-term deposit and debt rating is now at the same level as the Italian sovereign, and benefits from a very high expectation of systemic support, resulting in a two notch uplift from the BCA. The outlook on the A3 long-term deposit rating is negative, reflecting both the negative outlook on the Italian government bond rating, and the negative outlook on UniCredit's standalone BFSR.

INTESA SANPAOLO

Intesa Sanpaolo's standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) was downgraded to C- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa1) from C+/a2. At the same time, Moody's downgraded Intesa's long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1, directly following the downgrade of Intesa's standalone BFSR. The outlook on the C- standalone BFSR and on the the A3 long-term deposit rating is negative.

Moody's says that the downgrade of Intesa's BFSR to C-/baa1 from C+/a2 reflects the significant deterioration in the operating environment within Italy since the middle of 2011 and the negative effects this is having on Italian banks' profitability, asset quality and access to market funding. This is highly relevant for Intesa, given its high focus on domestic business.

The Italian economy is now in recession, and economic conditions are unlikely to significantly improve for some time. Intesa's asset quality continued to decline during 2011 and this is likely to deteriorate further in 2012. Moody's said that it believes that the weak performance of its asset quality combined with the fragile economic conditions may lead to weaker profitability during 2012.

Moody's notes that Intesa has a strong retail funding base and a substantial portfolio of ECB eligible assets, which are sufficient to cover wholesale maturities for a period significantly in excess of 12 months. However, the rating agency notes that there is a risk that restricted and costly market access will continue for an extended period. As a result, uncertainty regarding when Intesa will again be able to fund itself regularly -- and on an economic basis -- is a key credit risk and an important rating driver.

In terms of capital adequacy, Moody's notes that this was considerably strengthened by the EUR5 billion capital increase completed in 2011, with a Core Tier 1 ratio of 10.1% at 2011 year-end, providing the bank with an adequate resilience to both the rating agency's anticipated and stressed scenarios. Furthermore, and importantly, Moody's also acknowledges Intesa's leading and well diversified franchise in Italy, which supports the standalone credit assessment at its current level.

Moody's adds that the difficult prospects for profitability and asset quality -- and the uncertainties regarding market access -- are important drivers underlying the negative outlook for the C- standalone BFSR.

Intesa's A3 long-term deposit rating is now at the same level as, and constrained by, the Italian sovereign rating. The A3 long-term deposit rating benefits from a very high expectation of systemic support, providing one notch of rating uplift from the baa1 standalone credit assessment. The outlook on the A3 long-term deposit and debt ratings is negative, reflecting the negative outlook on the Italian government bond rating, and on Intesa's standalone BFSR.

BANCA IMI

Banca IMI's long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1, directly following the downgrade of the ratings of its parent Intesa Sanpaolo (Intesa). The outlook on the bank's C- standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR), mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa2, was changed to negative from stable.

Intesa Sanpaolo's standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) was downgraded to C- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa1) from C+/a2, while its long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1.

The downgrade of Banca IMI's deposit ratings reflects the lower capability of Intesa to provide support, as evidenced by the downgrade of its own standalone BFSR and long-term deposit ratings. Banca IMI's A3 long-term deposit rating benefits from a very high expectation of parental support, providing two notches of rating uplift from its baa2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for Banca IMI's standalone BFSR was changed to negative from stable, reflecting the challenges for profitability and asset quality arising from the difficult operating environment within Italy. The outlook for the bank's A3 long-term deposit rating is negative, reflecting the negative outlook on its standalone BFSR, and also the negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating of its parent and support provider, Intesa.

BANCA CR FIRENZE

Banca CR Firenze's (Carifirenze) long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1, directly following the downgrade of the ratings of its parent Intesa Sanpaolo (Intesa). The outlook on the bank's C- standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR), mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa2, was changed to negative from stable.

Intesa Sanpaolo's standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) was downgraded to C- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa1) from C+/a2, while its long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1.

The downgrade of Carifirenze's deposit ratings reflects the lower capability of Intesa to provide support, as evidenced by the downgrade of its own standalone BFSR and long-term deposit ratings. Carifirenze's A3 long-term deposit rating benefits from a very high expectation of parental support, providing two notches of rating uplift from its baa2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for Carifirenze's standalone BFSR was changed to negative from stable, reflecting the challenges for profitability and asset quality arising from the difficult operating environment within Italy. The outlook for the bank's A3 long-term deposit rating is negative, reflecting the negative outlook on its standalone BFSR, and also the negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating of its parent and support provider, Intesa.

BANCA MONTE PARMA

Banca Monte Parma's long-term deposit rating was downgraded to Baa1 from A3, directly following the downgrade of the ratings of its parent Intesa Sanpaolo (Intesa). The outlook on the bank's D+ standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR), mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa3, was changed to negative from stable.

Intesa's standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) was downgraded to C- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa1) from C+/a2, while its long- and short-term debt and deposit ratings were downgraded to A3/Prime-2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1.

The downgrade of Banca Monte Parma's long-term deposit rating reflects the lower capability of Intesa to provide support, as evidenced by the downgrade of its own standalone BFSR and long-term deposit ratings. Banca Monte Parma's Baa1 long-term deposit rating benefits from a very high expectation of parental support, providing two notches of rating uplift from its baa3 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for Banca Monte Parma's standalone BFSR was changed to negative from stable, reflecting the challenges for profitability and asset quality arising from the difficult operating environment within Italy. The outlook for the bank's Baa1 long-term deposit rating is negative, reflecting the negative outlook on its standalone BFSR, and also the negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating of its parent and support provider, Intesa.

BANCA MONTE DEI PASCHI DI SIENA

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena's (MPS) standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D, mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba2, from D+ / baa3, its long-term debt and deposit ratings to Baa3 from Baa1 and its short-term debt and deposit ratings to Prime-3 from Prime-2. The outlook on all ratings is negative.

Moody's says that the lowering of MPS' standalone credit assessment reflects pressures on financial fundamentals arising from the difficult operating environment in Italy and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. In particular, Moody's notes MPS' increased capital needs deriving from the European Banking Authority's (EBA) requirement that the bank cover its sovereign exposures by June 2012, as well as the challenges the bank has in meeting these capital requirements. MPS' asset quality has deteriorated significantly (to 12.1% Problem Loans/Gross Loans in 2011) and Moody's expects this trend to continue, whereas profitability is weak and likely to come under further pressure this year, exposing MPS' vulnerability to our stress scenario.

MPS' funding profile also shows some heightened reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at 11%), with a significant reliance on foreign investors. Due to the restricted market access, MPS' reliance on ECB funding has increased substantially, whereas Moody's liquidity-gap analysis over a 12 month horizon suggests a significant dependence on ECB funding. In combination, these factors have largely contributed to the two-notch lowering of MPS' standalone credit assessment to ba2.

The bank's national market share remains the key factor underpinning our standalone credit assessment at its current level.

The Baa3 long-term deposit rating benefits from our very high expectation of systemic support, providing two notches of uplift from the ba2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook on all ratings is negative, reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainties on covering the bank's capital needs and future market access.

MPS CAPITAL SERVICES

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the standalone BFSR of MPS Capital Services (MPSCS) to D- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba3) from D+/ ba1. At the same time, Moody's downgraded MPSCS's long-term deposit ratings to Baa3 from Baa2 and its short-term deposit ratings to Prime-3 from Prime-2. The outlook on the aforementioned ratings is negative, in line with the parent (Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena).

According to Moody's, the two-notch downward adjustment of the standalone credit assessment to ba3 primarily reflects the bank's weak asset quality, which exposes the bank's vulnerability to our stress scenario.

Moody's also acknowledges the bank's integration with and ongoing funding from the parent, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena (MPS), underpinning the D-/ba3 standalone ratings

MPSCS's Baa3 long-term deposit rating benefits from three-notch uplift from our assessment of the very high probability of support from the parent Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA (MPS, rated Baa3; D/ba2) in the event of a crisis.

The outlook on all ratings is negative, in line with the parent.

BANCO POPOLARE SOCIETA' COOPERATIVA

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the long- and short-term deposit ratings of Banco Popolare (BP) to Baa3/Prime-3 (negative outlook) from Baa2/Prime-2. Concurrently, BP's standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) was confirmed at D+, but the standalone credit assessment was lowered to ba1 (formerly baa3).

Moody's says that key drivers of the one-notch lowering of the standalone credit assessment are pressures on capital, asset quality and internal capital generation stemming from the challenging operating environment and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. In particular, Moody's notes that BP has a low (7.3%) Core Tier 1 ratio and displays a capital shortfall in relation to the higher capital requirements (9%) mandated by the European Banking Authority (EBA) -- to which it must comply with by end-June 2012.

Moody's believes BP should be able to reach the 9% EBA target, as it largely depends on regulatory approval of the Advanced Internal Ratings Based (AIRB) model. Asset quality and internal capital generation are both modest and unlikely to improve in 2012. However, despite the lower capital levels than similar rated peers, BP is less sensitive, but still vulnerable, under Moody's stress scenarios. The bank's relatively high reliance on market funds (and a largely international investor base) caused a recent surge in ECB reliance, highlighting the bank's funding vulnerabilities and exposing it to a significant deleveraging or an ongoing reliance on ECB funding in the case that funding markets do not normalize soon, with both scenarios containing risks and potentially contributing to further negative ratings pressure.

BP's Baa3 long-term debt and deposit ratings benefit from a one-notch uplift from the bank's standalone credit assessment based on Moody's assessment of a high probability of systemic support.

The outlook is negative reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access.

BANCA ITALEASE

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the long-term deposit ratings of Banca Italease (Italease) to Ba1 from Baa3 and its short-term deposit ratings to Not-Prime from Prime-3. The standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) -- which was not subject to the rating review -- remains at E+, mapping to a standalone credit assessment of b1.

Moody's says that the downgrade of Italease's Ba1 long-term deposit rating follows the one-notch downgrade of the parent Banco Popolare (rated Baa3; D+/ba1), reducing the parental support uplift from the standalone credit assessment to three notches (from four notches).

The outlook on all Italease's ratings is negative, in line with the parent, but also reflecting the bank's relatively high standalone rating positioning at E+/b1 for a company in run-off situation.

UNIONE DI BANCHE ITALIANE

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) of Unione di Banche Italiane (UBI) to D+ with a negative outlook (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa3), from C- / baa1 and its long-term global local currency (GLC) deposit rating to Baa2 (negative outlook) from A3.

Moody's says that the downgrade of the standalone BFSR reflects pressures on capital and profitability from the difficult operating environment and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. Moody's acknowledges UBI's capital needs to comply with the more stringent standards of the European Banking Authority (EBA), and the current ratings incorporate the expectation that UBI will achieve compliance with the 9% EBA target. Profitability is low and has deteriorated more than some of its peers, and is likely to come under further pressure in 2012, exposing UBI's vulnerability under our stress scenario.

UBI's funding profile also shows some heightened reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at 8.4%), with a meaningful reliance on foreign investors. Due to the restricted market access, UBI's reliance on ECB funding has increased to a significant level.

In combination, these factors have largely contributed to the downgrade of UBI's standalone ratings to D+/baa3.

Moody's also notes the bank's strong market shares, which support the baa3 standalone credit assessment.

UBI's long-term global local currency (GLC) deposit rating is at the Baa2 level, based on Moody's assessment of a high probability of systemic support, which results in one-notch uplift from the baa3 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook on all ratings is negative, reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainties on future.

BANCA POPOLARE DI MILANO

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the subordinated and Tier III debt and MTN program ratings of Banca Popolare di Milano to Ba2 (from Ba1) and its junior subordinated MTN program rating to (P)Ba3 (from (P)Ba2). All other ratings and negative outlook are unaffected by this rating action.

Moody's says that the downgrade reflects the removal of the systemic support uplift (one notch in the bank's case) from subordinated and Tier III and notch widening for junior subordinated debt rating, in line with other Italian banks.

BANCA CARIGE

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the following ratings of Banca Carige (Carige): its standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D+ from C- (the standalone BFSR now maps to a standalone credit assessment of baa3, formerly baa2). At the same time, Carige's long-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Baa2 from Baa1. The aforementioned ratings now carry a negative outlook.

Moody's says that the key drivers for the one-notch downgrade of the standalone BFSR are pressure on capital from the challenging operating environment and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. Carige reported a very low 6.7% Core Tier 1 ratio, exposing the bank's vulnerability to our stress scenario; however, Moody's understands that a strengthening of this ratio is likely during 2012 through valorisation of goodwill. Carige's funding profile shows lower-than peers reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at 1.1%), with a moderate reliance on foreign investors. And even though Carige's reliance on ECB funding has increased due to the restricted market access, we believe this is more manageable than for many of its peers whose dependence has become much more significant.

In Moody's opinion, the rating is underpinned by the bank's 25-30% market shares in Carige's home region, contributing to adequate profitability, which is more resilient than peers.

In combination, these factors have limited the extent of the downgrade to one notch and a standalone rating at D+/baa3, higher than many of its peers.

The outlook on all ratings is nevertheless negative, reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access which may continue to place pressure also on Banca Carige.

CREDITO EMILIANO

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) of Credito Emiliano (Credem) to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of baa3), from C-/baa1). At the same time, its long-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Baa2 from A3. The outlook on all ratings is negative.

According to Moody's, the key drivers for the one-notch downgrade of the BFSR reflect pressure on capital from the difficult operating environment and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. Credem's Italian government bond portfolio is larger than average, which, together with the bank's exposure to small and medium-sized enterprises, renders Credem vulnerable under Moody's adverse scenario analysis, which factors in a mark-to-market stressed valuation loss on holdings of sovereign bonds.

Moody's notes that Credem's funding profile also shows some heightened reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at 4.8%), with a low reliance on foreign investors. Due to restricted market access, Credem's reliance on ECB funding has increased substantially whereas Moody's liquidity-gap analysis over a 12 month horizon suggests a significant dependence on ECB funding.

In combination, these factors have largely contributed to the downgrade of Credem's standalone BFSR.

In Moody's opinion, the rating is supported by Credem's satisfactory asset quality and profitability, which indicates a somewhat greater resilience of Credem against the pressures from the operating environment than its lower-rated peers.

Credem's Baa2 long-term deposit ratings benefit from a one-notch uplift from the bank's standalone credit assessment based on Moody's assessment of a moderate probability of systemic support.

The outlook on all ratings is negative, reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access.

CREDITO VALTELLINESE

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded Credito Valtellinese's (Creval) standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba1) from C- / baa2, its long-term deposit ratings to Baa3 from Baa1 and its short-term deposit ratings to Prime-3 from Prime-2.

Moody's says that the key drivers of the BFSR downgrade were pressure on the bank's asset quality arising from the difficult operating environment and the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding. Moody's believes Creval has modest asset quality coupled with a low capital adequacy, even considering the conversion of a convertible bond in May 2012, which expose the bank's vulnerability under our stressed scenario. Creval's funding profile also shows some heightened reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at 10%), with a low reliance on foreign investors. Due to restricted market access, Creval's reliance on ECB funding has increased substantially.

In combination, these factors have largely contributed to the downgrade of Creval's standalone BFSR.

In Moody's opinion, the rating is supported by Creval's profitability, which is more resilient than that of peers, and largely due to lower goodwill impairment than larger banks.

Creval's Baa3 long-term deposit ratings benefit from a one-notch uplift from the bank's standalone credit assessment based on Moody's assessment of a moderate probability of systemic support.

The outlook is negative reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access.

BANCA DELLE MARCHE

Banca delle Marche's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D (mapping to a ba2 standalone credit assessment) from C-, mapping to baa2. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba1/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa1/Prime-1.

The lowering of the standalone credit strength reflects the challenges the bank faces -- caused by restricted and more expensive wholesale funding -- as well as the pressures on profitability and asset quality arising from the Italian banking system's difficult operating environment. Banca delle Marche's asset quality declined sharply during 2011, and there is potential for it to deteriorate further in 2012. As of year-end 2011, problem loans as percentage of gross loans stood at 12.2% (2011: 8.3%), which is significantly worse than average, and in the current conditions, there seems little prospect for improvement in profitability or asset quality in the next 12 months. The recent capital increase, completed in Q1 2012, increases the bank's Tier 1 ratio to about 8.3% (from 7.2% at year-end 2011) and provides an additional buffer for potential credit losses. Funding remains restricted and more costly. We note that Banca delle Marche's use of central bank funding is higher than its peers. However, this is partly mitigated by the bank's solid retail funding base -- which provides about 70% of the bank's total funding -- as well as a sufficient central bank eligible assets portfolio.

The Ba1 long-term deposit rating benefits from a moderate likelihood of systemic support, providing one notch of uplift from the ba2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA SELLA HOLDING

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded Banca Sella's (Sella) standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba1) from C- / baa2 and the bank's long- and short-term deposit ratings to Baa3/Prime-3 from Baa1/Prime-2. The outlook is negative.

Moody's says that the standalone BFSR's downgrade captures Sella's weak internal capital generation, low capital and modest asset quality, together exposing Sella's vulnerability under Moody's stress scenario.

However, Moody's notes the bank's above-average retail funding and revenue diversification. Sella's funding profile shows lower-than peers reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands at negative 1.1%), with a low reliance on foreign investors. Due to restricted market access, Sella's reliance on ECB funding has however increased whereas Moody's liquidity-gap analysis over a 12 month horizon suggests a lower than peers dependence on ECB funding. Profitability, although modest, has deteriorated less than Italian peers.

In combination, these factors have largely contributed to the downgrade of Sella's standalone financial strength rating.

Sella's long term global local currency (GLC) deposit rating is Baa3, based on Moody's expectation of a moderate probability of systemic support, providing a one notch uplift.

The outlook is negative reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access.

ICCREA BANCAIMPRESA

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded Iccrea BancaImpresa's (Iccrea BI, formerly Banca Agrileasing) standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba2) from D+/ba1, its long-term debt and deposit ratings to Ba1 from Baa2 and its short-term debt and deposit ratings to Not-Prime from Prime-2.

Moody's says that the key drivers for the downgrade of the BFSR were the bank's weak asset quality and low profitability, exposing the bank's sensitivity to Moody's stress scenario.

In Moody's opinion, the downgrade of the deposit rating is also a reflection of Moody's assessment of its support provider, the Italian co-operative credit banks (Banche di Credito Cooperativo or BCCs, unrated) given pressure from the challenging operating environment. This resulted in a one-notch reduction of the uplift from the ba2 standalone credit assessment, beyond what we had initially anticipated.

The outlook on all ratings is now negative, reflecting the difficult operating environment.

CASSA DI RISPARMIO DI BOLZANO

Cassa di Risparmio di Bolzano's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba1) from C-/ baa2. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba1/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa2/Prime-2.

The lowering of the standalone credit assessment reflects the challenges the bank faces -- caused by restricted and more expensive wholesale funding, resulting in an increasing dependence on ECB funding or in significant deleveraging pressure if the bank was intending on reducing this funding -- as well as the pressures on profitability and asset quality arising from the Italian banking system's difficult operating environment. The bank is planning to increase its capital; this would provide an additional buffer against further credit losses, and enable the bank's capital to withstand our anticipated stress scenario. However, capital would remain vulnerable in our stress scenario.

The Ba1 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba1 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

CASSA DI RISPARMIO DI FERRARA

Moody's Investor Service has today downgraded the junior subordinated debt rating of Cassa di Risparmio di Ferrara's to (P)B2 from (P)B1.

Moody's says that the downgrade reflects the widening of the notching to standalone credit assessment -- 2 notches, from standalone credit assessment -1 notch, in line with other Italian banks. This follows the removal of systemic support for subordinated debt, which is now notched one notch below the standalone rating of banks (but incorporating group or parental support).

The outlook on the junior subordinated rating remains negative, in line with the bank's standalone credit assessment of ba3.

BANCAPULIA

In May 2012, Moody's changed the outlook on BancApulia's ratings to negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA POPOLARE DELL'ALTO ADIGE

Banca Popolare dell'Alto Adige's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba1) from C-/ baa1. Consequently, its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba1/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa1/Prime-2.

The downgrade of the standalone credit assessment reflects the bank's weak profitability, which will continue to be further challenged given the weak operating environment, and scarce availability of and high competition for cost-effective retail funding and weakening asset quality. The downgrade also reflects the wholesale funding reliance, resulting in increasing ECB funding and which we expect will increase further in the coming 12 months. Capital adequacy withstands our central scenario, but remains vulnerable in the stressed scenario.

The Ba1 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba1 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

CASSA DI RISPARMIO DI CESENA

Cassa di Risparmio di Cesena's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba3) from D+ / baa3. Consequently, its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba3/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa3/Prime-3.

The downgrade of the standalone BFSR beyond initial expectations reflects the bank's modest capital adequacy, as well as its weak and deteriorating asset quality arising from the Italian banking system's difficult operating environment, which exposes the bank's vulnerability to Moody's scenario analysis, resulting in significant lower capital levels in our anticipated and to capital shortfalls in our stress scenario. The new rating levels also take into considerationthe bank's reliance on market funds, resulting in an increasing dependence on ECB funding or in significant deleveraging pressure if the ECB was intent on reducing this funding.

The Ba3 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba3 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA POPOLARE DI CIVIDALE

Banca Popolare di Cividale's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba2) from C-/baa1. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba2/Non-Prime respectively from Baa1/Prime-2.

The downgrade of the standalone BFSR reflects the funding challenges the bank faces, with higher central bank funding use relative to peers -- caused by restricted and more expensive wholesale funding-- as well as pressure on its asset quality and profitability (also due to the higher cost of retail funding). The bank's use of central bank funding is above average and we expect this dependence to increase in the coming 12months. However, this is partially mitigated by a sizeable and increasing eligible assets portfolio.

The Ba2 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

CASSA DI RISPARMIO DELLA PROVINCIA DI CHIETI

Cassa di Risparmio della Provincia di Chieti's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D- (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba3) from D+/ baa3. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba3/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa3/Prime-3.

The downgrade of the standalone credit assessment below initial expectations was triggered by the bank's weak and deteriorating asset quality -- arising from the Italian banking system's difficult operating environment -- as well as weak core profitability and capital levels that could protect the bank against asset quality pressures. Capital levels are only just adequate under our central scenario, but remain vulnerable in the stress scenario.

The Ba3 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba3 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA POPOLARE DI SPOLETO

Banca Popolare di Spoleto's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba2) from C-/baa1. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba2/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa1/Prime-2.

The lowering of the standalone credit assessment reflects the bank's weak and deteriorating asset quality -- caused by the challenging operating environment in the Italian banking system, the bank's very weak profitability, with a loss recorded in 2011, that will continue to weaken given scarcity of cost-effective retail funding, as well as its dependence on ECB funding and capital levels. Capital levels are declining, and while sufficient under our central scenario, are vulnerable in the stress scenario. Another significant bank-specific rating driver is our view that BPS's risk profile could increase as a result of the bank's growth strategy (announced in H1 2011 and recently confirmed), which targets expansion outside of its traditional territory, in Italy's major cities.

The combination of all these factors have lead to a four notch lowering off the standalone credit assessment.

The Ba2 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba2 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA PADOVANA CREDITO COOPERATIVO

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded the long-term deposit ratings of Banca Padovana to Ba2 from Ba1. Banca Padovana's standalone D- bank financial strength rating (BFSR) and its ba3 standalone credit assessment with a negative outlook were unaffected. All ratings now carry a negative outlook.

Moody's says that the downgrade of Banca Padovana's long-term rating reflects Moody's assessment of its support provider, the group of Italian banche di credito cooperativo (BCCs, unrated), given the pressure from the challenging operating environment. This resulted in a reduction of the uplift provided to the bank's long-term rating to one from two notches.

The outlook is negative, reflecting the significant challenges of turning around the bank in a difficult operating environment.

BANCA POPOLARE DI MAROSTICA

Banca Popolare di Marostica's standalone BFSR was downgraded to D (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba2) from C-, baa2. Its long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Ba2/Non-Prime, respectively, from Baa2/Prime-2.

The downgrade of the standalone BFSR reflects the bank's weak and deteriorating asset quality -- arising from the Italian banking system's difficult operating environment -- low funding diversification, as well as the continued integration and de-risking challenges stemming from the bank's acquisition of Banca Treviso. Low funding diversification has resulted in a relatively low central bank eligible assets portfolio which makes the bank vulnerable in a liquidity stress scenario and in the medium term will weigh on profitability given the increase of retail funding costs. Capital adequacy is sufficient to withstand both our central and stress scenario analysis.

The Ba1 long-term deposit rating benefits from a low likelihood of systemic support, providing no uplift from the ba1 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook for the bank's ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term deposit rating reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR.

BANCA DELLA MARCA CREDITO COOPERATIVO

Moody's Investors Service has today downgraded Banca della Marca Credito Cooperativo's (Banca Marca) standalone bank financial strength rating (BFSR) to D+ (mapping to a standalone credit assessment of ba1) from C-/baa1, its long-term deposit ratings to Baa3 from A3 and its short-term deposit ratings to Prime-3 from Prime-2.

Moody's says that the key reasons for the downgrade of the BFSR were (i) the bank's asset-side vulnerability, stemming from its small size and loan concentration and pressure on the bank's profitability, which, although modest, deteriorated less than peers. These factors expose the bank's sensitivity to Moody's stress scenario; and (ii) the impact of restricted and costly access to market funding.

In combination, the above factors have largely contributed to the downgrade of the bank's standalone BFSR.

Moody's also acknowledges the bank's above-average retail funding and capital. Banca Marca's funding profile shows lower-than peers reliance on wholesale market funds (the adjusted liquidity ratio stands effectively at zero), with a very low reliance on foreign investors. Due to the restricted market access, Banca Marca's reliance on ECB funding has however increased whereas Moody's liquidity-gap analysis over a 12 month horizon suggests a lower than peers dependence on ECB funding.

The Baa3 long-term deposit rating benefits from Moody's expectation of moderate support from the Italian co-operative credit banks (Banche di Credito Cooperativo or BCCs, unrated), providing one notch of uplift from the ba1 standalone credit assessment.

The outlook on all ratings is negative, reflecting the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access.

MEDIOCREDITO TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE

In May 2012, Moody's lowered the standalone credit assessment of Mediocredito Trentino Alto Adige to ba1 from baa3, within the standalone D+ BFSR category. The bank's long and short-term deposit ratings were downgraded to Baa1/Prime 2, respectively, from A2/Prime-1.

The lowering of the standalone credit assessment reflects the challenges caused by restricted and more expensive wholesale funding access, as well as challenges that this presents to MTAA's business model. The liquidity-gap analysis over a 12-month period reveals a significant dependence on central bank and shareholder funding.

The downgrade of the long-term deposit ratings reflects:

(i) The lower ba1 standalone credit assessment.

(ii) The downgrade on 15 February 2012 of the Autonomous Province of Trento and Autonomous Province of Bolzano to A1 (outlook negative) from Aa3. The Autonomous Province of Trento and Autonomous Province of Bolzano -- together with the Autonomous Region of Trentino Alto Adige -- own a controlling 52.5% stake in MTAA. MTAA's ratings, which benefit from uplift from regional government support from these entities, are sensitive to any change in their ratings, and subsequently their ability to provide support to MTAA, if required.

(iii) A reassessment of the local-government support assumptions that Moody's currently incorporates into MTAA's deposit ratings, to reflect the evolving support environment across Europe.

The outlook for these ratings is negative. The negative outlook on the standalone BFSR reflects the challenging operating environment and uncertainty regarding future market access. The negative outlook on the long-term ratings reflects the negative outlook on the standalone BFSR, as well as the negative outlook on the two support providers, the Autonomous Province of Trento and Autonomous Province of Bolzano.

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Moody's downgrades Italian banks; outlooks remain negative
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MOODY'S CREDIT RATINGS AND MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS ARE NOT INTENDED FOR USE BY RETAIL INVESTORS AND IT WOULD BE RECKLESS FOR RETAIL INVESTORS TO CONSIDER MOODY'S CREDIT RATINGS OR MOODY'S PUBLICATIONS IN MAKING ANY INVESTMENT DECISION. IF IN DOUBT YOU SHOULD CONTACT YOUR FINANCIAL OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL ADVISER.

 


ALL INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS PROTECTED BY LAW, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, COPYRIGHT LAW, AND NONE OF SUCH INFORMATION MAY BE COPIED OR OTHERWISE REPRODUCED, REPACKAGED, FURTHER TRANSMITTED, TRANSFERRED, DISSEMINATED, REDISTRIBUTED OR RESOLD, OR STORED FOR SUBSEQUENT USE FOR ANY SUCH PURPOSE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, IN ANY FORM OR MANNER OR BY ANY MEANS WHATSOEVER, BY ANY PERSON WITHOUT MOODY'S PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT.

 


All information contained herein is obtained by MOODY'S from sources believed by it to be accurate and reliable. Because of the possibility of human or mechanical error as well as other factors, however, all information contained herein is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind. MOODY'S adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses in assigning a credit rating is of sufficient quality and from sources MOODY'S considers to be reliable including, when appropriate, independent third-party sources. However, MOODY'S is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or validate information received in the rating process or in preparing the Moody’s Publications.

 


To the extent permitted by law, MOODY'S and its directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, licensors and suppliers disclaim liability to any person or entity for any indirect, special, consequential, or incidental losses or damages whatsoever arising from or in connection with the information contained herein or the use of or inability to use any such information, even if MOODY'S or any of its directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, licensors or suppliers is advised in advance of the possibility of such losses or damages, including but not limited to: (a) any loss of present or prospective profits or (b) any loss or damage arising where the relevant financial instrument is not the subject of a particular credit rating assigned by MOODY’S.

 


To the extent permitted by law, MOODY'S and its directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, licensors and suppliers disclaim liability for any direct or compensatory losses or damages caused to any person or entity, including but not limited to by any negligence (but excluding fraud, willful misconduct or any other type of liability that, for the avoidance of doubt, by law cannot be excluded) on the part of, or any contingency within or beyond the control of, MOODY'S or any of its directors, officers, employees, agents, representatives, licensors or suppliers, arising from or in connection with the information contained herein or the use of or inability to use any such information.

 


NO WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, COMPLETENESS, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SUCH RATING OR OTHER OPINION OR INFORMATION IS GIVEN OR MADE BY MOODY'S IN ANY FORM OR MANNER WHATSOEVER.

 


MIS, a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody’s Corporation ("MCO"), hereby discloses that most issuers of debt securities (including corporate and municipal bonds, debentures, notes and commercial paper) and preferred stock rated by MIS have, prior to assignment of any rating, agreed to pay to MIS for appraisal and rating services rendered by it fees ranging from $1,500 to approximately $2,500,000. MCO and MIS also maintain policies and procedures to address the independence of MIS's ratings and rating processes. Information regarding certain affiliations that may exist between directors of MCO and rated entities, and between entities who hold ratings from MIS and have also publicly reported to the SEC an ownership interest in MCO of more than 5%, is posted annually at www.moodys.com under the heading "Shareholder Relations — Corporate Governance — Director and Shareholder Affiliation Policy."

 


For Australia only: Any publication into Australia of this document is pursuant to the Australian Financial Services License of MOODY'S affiliate, Moody's Investors Service Pty Limited ABN 61 003 399 657AFSL 336969 and/or Moody's Analytics Australia Pty Ltd ABN 94 105 136 972 AFSL 383569 (as applicable). This document is intended to be provided only to "wholesale clients" within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. By continuing to access this document from within Australia, you represent to MOODY'S that you are, or are accessing the document as a representative of, a "wholesale client" and that neither you nor the entity you represent will directly or indirectly disseminate this document or its contents to "retail clients" within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. MOODY'S credit rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness of a debt obligation of the issuer, not on the equity securities of the issuer or any form of security that is available to retail clients. It would be dangerous for "retail clients" to make any investment decision based on MOODY'S credit rating. If in doubt you should contact your financial or other professional adviser.

© 2014 Moody's Investors Service, Inc., Moody’s Analytics, Inc. and/or their affiliates and licensors. All rights reserved.
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