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Rockaway (Township of) NJ
Rockdale (County of) GA
Rockford (City of) IL
Rockingham (County of) NH
Rockland (Town of) MA
Rockville (City of) MD
Rockwall (County of) TX
Rocky River (City of) OH
Rogers (City of) MN
Rome (City of) GA
Rome (Town of) WI
Romeoville (Village of) IL
Roselle Park (Borough of) NJ
Rosemont (Village of) IL
Rosemount (City of) MN
Roseville (City of) MN
Roswell (City of) GA
Round Lake (Village of) IL
Round Lake Beach (Village of) IL
Rowan (County of) KY
Rowan (County of) NC
Rowley (Town of) MA
Royse City (City of) TX
Royse City (City of) TX Water and Sewer Ent.
Ruidoso (Village of) NM
Rumson (Borough of) NJ
Runnemede (Borough of) NJ
Russell (County of) KY
Rutherford (County of) NC
Rutherford (County of) TN
Sac (County of) IA
Sacramento (County of) CA
Saddle Brook (Township of) NJ
Saginaw (County of) MI
Salem (City of) NJ
Salem (City of) OR
Salem (City of) VA
Salem (Town of) CT
Salina (City of) KS
Saline (County of) KS
Salisbury (City of) MD
Salisbury (Town of) MA
Salt Lake (County of) UT
Salt Lake City (City of) UT
San Antonio (City of) TX
San Antonio (City of), TX Public Facilities Corporation
San Antonio Industrial Development Corp., TX
San Antonio Municipal Facilities Corp,TX
San Bernardino (County of) CA
San Diego (County of) CA
San Francisco (City & County of) CA
San Jose (City of) CA
San Juan (County of) WA
San Leandro (City of) CA
San Mateo (City of) CA
San Mateo Joint Powers Financing Authority, CA
Sandoval (County of) NM
Sands Point (Village of) NY
Sandusky (City of) OH
Sanford (City of) NC
Santa Clara (County of) CA
Santa Fe (County of) NM
Sarasota (City of) FL
Saratoga (City of) CA
Saratoga Springs (City of) NY
Saugus (Town of) MA
Sauk (County of) WI
Saukville (Village of) WI
Savannah (City of) GA
Sawyer (County of) WI
Sayreville (Borough of) NJ
Schaumburg (Village of) IL
Schiller Park (Village of) IL
Schuylkill (County of) PA
Scotch Plains (Township of) NJ
Scotland (Town of) CT
Scott (County of) IA
Scott (County of) TN
Scottsdale (City of) AZ
Seagoville (City of) TX
Seaside Park (Borough of) NJ
Seattle (City of) WA
Sedgwick (County of) KS
Selma (City of) CA
Seminole (County of) FL
Sevier (County of) TN
Sevierville (City of) TN
Seward (County of) KS
Shakopee (City of) MN
Sharon (Town of) MA
Shawano (County of) WI
Shawnee (City of) KS
Shawnee (County of) KS
Sheboygan (City of) WI
Sheboygan (County of) WI
Sheboygan Falls (City of) WI
Shelby (County of) TN
Shelbyville (City of) KY
Shelbyville (City of) TN
Shelton (City of) CT
Sherman (Town of) CT
Ship Bottom (Borough of) NJ
Shoreview (City of) MN
Shorewood (Village of) WI
Shreveport (City of) LA
Shrewsbury (Town of) MA
Sibley (County of) MN
Signal Mountain (City of) TN
Simpsonville (City of) KY
Simpsonville (City of) SC
Simsbury (Town of) CT
Sioux (County of) IA
Sioux Center (City of) IA
Sioux City (City of) IA
Sister Bay (Village of) WI
Skippack (Township of) PA
Skokie (Village of) IL
Slinger (Village of) WI
Smithfield (Town of) RI
Smyrna (Town of) DE
Smyrna (Town of) TN
Smyth (County of) VA
Socorro (County of) NM
Solano (County of) CA
Solebury (Township Of) PA
Somers (Town of) CT
Somers (Village) WI
Somerset (City of) KY
Somerset (County of) NJ
Somerset (County of) PA
Somerset (Village of) WI
Somerville (Town of) TN
South Beaver (Township of) PA
South Bound Brook (Borough of) NJ
South Elgin (Village of) IL
South Hadley (Town of) MA
South Holland (Village of) IL
South Hutchinson (City of) KS
South Kingstown (Town of) RI
South Milwaukee (City of) WI
South Plainfield (Borough of) NJ
South St. Paul (City of) MN
South Whitehall (Township of) PA
Southbury (Town of) CT
Spalding (County of) GA
Sparks (City of) NV
Sparta (Township of) NJ
Spartanburg (County of) SC
Splendora (City of) TX
Spokane (City of) WA
Spotswood (Borough of) NJ
Spotsylvania (County of) VA
Sprague (Town of) CT
Spring (Township of) PA (Berks County)
Spring Lake Park (City of) MN
Spring Valley (City of) MN
Springdale (City of) OH
Springfield (City of) IL
Springfield (City of) MO
Springfield (City of) OR
Springfield (City of) TN
Springtown (City of) TX
St. Ann (City of) MO
St. Augustine (City of) FL
St. Bernard (Village of) OH
St. Charles (City of) IL
St. Charles (City of) MO
St. Clair (County of) IL
St. Clairsville (City of) OH
St. Croix (County of) WI
St. Francis (City of) WI
St. James (City of) MO
St. Johns (County of) FL
St. Louis (City of) MO
St. Louis (County of) MO
St. Lucie (County of) FL
St. Mary's (County of) MD
St. Michael (City of) MN
St. Paul (City of) MN
St. Peter (City of) MN
St. Peters (City of) MO
St. Petersburg (City of) FL
Stafford (County of) VA
Stafford (Town of) CT
Stafford (Township of) NJ
Stamford (City of) CT
Stanley (Town of) NC
Starkville (City of) MS
Stearns (County of) MN
Steele (County of) ND
Sterling (Town of) CT
Sterling (Town of) MA
Stevens Point (City of) WI
Stewart (County of) TN
Stewartville (City of) MN
Stillwater (City of) MN
Stoneham (Town of) MA
Stonington (Town of) CT
Storm Lake (City of) IA
Stoughton (City of) WI
Strafford (County of) NH
Stratford (Town of) CT
Stratham (Town of) NH
Sturgeon Bay (City of) WI
Sturtevant (Village of) WI
Suamico (Village of) WI
Suffolk (City of) VA
Sullivan (County of) TN
Sulphur Springs (City of) TX
Summerville (Town of) SC
Summit (City of) NJ
Summit (County of) UT
Summit (Village of) WI
Sumner (County of) KS
Sumter (County of) SC
Sun Prairie (City of) WI
Sun Valley (City of) ID
Sunrise (City of) FL
Sunshine State Governmental Fin. Commis., FL
Surry (County of) NC
Sussex (Borough of) NJ
Sussex (County of) DE
Sussex (County of) NJ
Sussex (Village of) WI
Swampscott (Town of) MA
Sweetwater (City of) TN
Sycamore (City of) IL
Syracuse (City of) Utah
Syracuse Municipal Building Authority, UT
Tabernacle (Township of) NJ
Tacoma (City of) WA
Tama (County of) IA
Tamarac (City of) FL
Tampa (City of) FL
Tattnall (County of) GA
Taylor (City of) MI
Taylor (County of) KY
Taylor (County of) WI
Taylor Building Authority, MI
Teaneck (Township of) NJ
Tega Cay (City of) SC
Tempe (City of) AZ
Templeton (Town of) MA
Tenafly (Borough of) NJ
Terrell (City of) TX
Tewksbury (Township of) NJ
Thief River Falls (City of) MN
Thiensville (Village of) WI
Thompson (City of) ND
Thurston (County of) WA
Tigard (City of) OR
Tinicum Township (Delaware County), PA
Tinton Falls (Borough of) NJ
Tiverton (Town of) RI
Toccoa (City of) GA
Todd (County of) MN
Tomah (City of) WI
Tonganoxie (City of) KS
Tooele (County of) UT
Topeka (City of) KS
Torrington (City of) CT
Traverse (County of) MN
Travis (County of) TX
Tredyffrin (Township of) PA
Trenton (City of) NJ
Troutdale (City of) OR
Trumbull (Town of) CT
Truro Township (Franklin County), OH
Tualatin (City of) OR
Tucson (City of) AZ
Tulare (County of) CA
Tullahoma (City of) TN
Tulsa (City of) OK
Tulsa Public Facilities Authority, OK
Tupelo (City of) MS
Tybee Island (City of) GA
Uintah (County of) UT
Unified Govt. of Wyandotte Co./Kansas City,KS
Union (County of) IA
Union (County of) NC
Union (County of) NJ
Union (Township of) PA, (Lebanon County)
Union (Township of), OH (Clermont County)
Union City (City of) GA
Union City (City of) NJ
Upper Dublin (Township of) PA
UPPER MAKEFIELD (TOWNSHIP OF) PA
Upper Merion (Township of) PA
Upper Moreland (Township of) PA
Upper Providence (Twp. of) PA (Montg. Co.)
Upper Saddle River (Borough of) NJ
Upper Saucon (Township of) PA
Upper Uwchlan (Township of) PA
Upson (County of) GA
Urban Redevelopment Agency of Conelia, GA
Urbandale (City of) IA
Valley City (City of) ND
Van Alstyne (City of) TX
Van Alstyne Economic Development Corporation, TX
Venice (City of) FL
Vernon (Town of) CT
Vernon (Township of) NJ
Vernon Hills (Village of) IL
Verona (City of) WI
Verona (Township of) NJ
Versailles (City of) KY
Vicksburg (City of) MS
Vienna (Town of) VA
Vilas (County of) WI
Villa Rica (City of) GA
Vineland (City of) NJ
Violet (Township of), OH
Virginia (City of) MN
Virginia Beach (City of) VA
Virginia Beach Development Authority
Virginia Housing & Redevelopment Auth., MN
Vistancia Comm. Fac. Dist. (Peoria), AZ
Wahpeton (City of) ND
Wake (County of) NC
Wake Forest (Town of) NC
Wakefield (Town of) MA
Waldwick (Borough of) NJ
Wallingford (Town of) CT
Waltham (City of) MA
Walton (County of) FL
Walton (County of) GA
Wanaque (Borough of) NJ
Wantage (Township of) NJ
Ward (County of) ND
Warren (County of) KY
Warren (County of) MS
Warren (County of) VA
Warren (Town of) RI
Warren (Township of) NJ
Warrington (Township of) PA (Bucks County)
Wasatch (County of) UT
Waseca (City of) MN
Washburn (County of) WI
Washington (County of) GA
Washington (County of) IA
Washington (County of) MD
Washington (County of) MN
Washington (County of) PA
Washington (County of) TN
Washington (County of) UT
Washington (County of) WI
Washington (Twp. of) NJ (Gloucester Co.)
Waterbury (City of) CT
Waterford (Town of) CT
Waterloo (City of) IA
Watertown (City of) MN
Watertown (City of) SD
Watertown (City of) WI
Watertown (Town of) CT
Waterville (City of) MN
Watonwan (County of) MN
Wauconda (Village of) IL
Waukee (City of) IA
Waukegan (City of) IL
Waukesha (City of) WI
Waukesha (County of) WI
Waunakee (Village of) WI
Waupaca (County of) WI
Waupun (City of) WI
Wausau (City of) WI
Wauwatosa (City of) WI
Waverly (City of) IA
Wayland (Town of) MA
Wayne (County of) TN
Wayne (Township of) NJ
Wayzata (City of) MN
Weber (County of) UT
Webster (County of) IA
Webster Groves (City of) MO
Weehawken (Township of) NJ
Wellesley (Town of) MA
West (City of) TX
West Allis (City of) WI
West Amwell (Township of) NJ
West Bend (City of) WI
West Bradford (Township of) PA
West Burlington (City of) IA
West Des Moines (City of) IA
West Dundee (Village of) IL
West Fargo (City of) ND
West Hanover (Township of) PA
West Hartford (Town of) CT
West Haven (City of) CT
West Linn (City of) OR
West New York (Town of) NJ
West Newbury (Town of) MA
West Palm Beach (City of) FL
West Union (City of) IA
West Vincent (Township of) PA
West Virginia Economic Development Authority
West Warwick (Town of) RI
West Whiteland (Township of) PA
Westampton (Township of) NJ
Westbrook (City of) ME
Westbrook (Town of) CT
Westchester (Village of) IL
Westerly (Town of) RI
Western Springs (Village of) IL
Westerville (City of) OH
Weston (Town of) CT
Weston (Town of) MA
Weston (Village of) WI
Westport (Town of) CT
Westport (Town of) MA
Westtown (Township of) PA
Wethersfield (Town of) CT
Wheaton (City of) IL
White Bear (Town of) MN
White Bear Lake (City of) MN
Whitefish Bay (Village of) WI
Whitemarsh (Township of) PA
Whitewater (City of) WI
Whitman (Town of) MA
Whitpain (Township of) PA
Wichita (City of) KS
Wilder (City of) KY
Wildwood (City of) NJ
Wildwood Crest (Borough of) NJ
Will (County of) IL
Williams Bay (Village of) WI
Williamsburg (City of) VA
Williamson (County of) TN
Willington (Town of) CT
Willis (City of) TX
Willistown (Township of) PA
Willmar (City of) MN
Willoughby (City of) OH
Wilmette (Village of) IL
Wilmington (City of) DE
Wilmington (City of) NC
Wilson (City of) NC
Wilton (Town of) CT
Winchester (City of) VA
Winchester (Town of) MA
Windham (Town of) CT
Windsor Heights (City of) IA
Windsor Locks (Town of) CT
Winfield (Village of) IL
Winnebago (County of) IL
Winnebago (County of) WI
Winnetka (Village of) IL
Winona (City of) MN
Winona (County of) MN
Winslow (Township of) NJ
Winston-Salem (City of) NC
Winter Park (City of) FL
Wisconsin Dells (City of) WI
Wisconsin Rapids (City of) WI
Wolfeboro (Town of) NH
Wood (County of) WI
Woodbridge (Town of) CT
Woodbridge (Township of) NJ
Woodbury (City of) NJ
Woodbury (County of) IA
Woodbury (Town of) CT
Woodford (County of) KY
Woodridge (Village of) IL
Woodstown (Borough of) NJ
Woonsocket (City of) RI
Worcester (County of) MD
Wyoming (City of) MN
Yellow Medicine (County of) MN
York (County of) SC
Zapata (County of) TX
Zebulon (Town of) NC
Zumbrota (City of) MN
Related Research
Rating Action:

Moody's publishes US Cities and Counties methodology and places ratings of 345 issuers on review

03 Nov 2022

On December 13 2022, the List of Affected Credit Ratings accessible via hyperlink from the press release was corrected to reflect that the Outlook for North Port (City of) FL was ‘Ratings under Review’, and that the methodology used for the Issuer Rating for Camden (County of NJ) was US Cities and Counties Methodology.

Note: On November 4 2022, the List of Affected Credit Ratings accessible via hyperlink from the press release was corrected to reflect that the Issuer Rating for Conroe (City of) Texas was placed on review for possible downgrade.

New York, November 03, 2022 -- Moody's Investors Service has placed ratings of 252 US cities and counties on review for possible upgrade and 93 on review for possible downgrade in conjunction with the release of a new US Cities and Counties Methodology published November 2, 2022. The 345 issuers on review have approximately $120 billion in debt outstanding.

Concurrently, Moody's has upgraded the non-general obligation ratings of 16 obligors. The upgrade of these non-general obligation ratings impacts $4.5 billion in debt.

These actions reflect all the actual or potential changes for ratings covered under the new US Cities and Counties Methodology in conjunction with its adoption.

In addition, Moody's has assigned issuer ratings to 1,600 US cities and counties without ratings going on review. The existing outlooks for this group are unchanged.  

The new methodology covers US cities (including towns, villages, etc.) and counties and their debt instruments that were previously covered under US Local Government General Obligation Debt and Lease, Appropriation, Moral Obligation and Comparable Debt of US Local Governments methodologies.

In addition, we have placed 4 obligors rated under the US Municipal Utility Revenue Debt Methodology, 14 obligors rated under the US Public Finance Special Tax Methodology, and 4 obligors rated under the Guarantees, Letters of Credit and Other Forms of Credit Substitution Methodology for upgrade or downgrade because the general obligations or issuer ratings of their associated city or county parent entity have been placed on review for either upgrade or downgrade. The relationship with the parent entity is a consideration in the US Municipal Utility Revenue Debt Methodology, US Public Finance Special Tax Methodology and Guarantees, Letters of Credit and Other Forms of Credit Substitution Methodology.

Please click on this link http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBM_PBM907921545 for the List of Affected Credit Ratings. This list is an integral part of this Press Release and identifies each affected issuer.

RATINGS RATIONALE

Please click on this link http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBM_PBM907921545 for the List of Affected Credit Ratings. This list is an integral part of this Press Release and provides, for each of the credit ratings covered, Moody's disclosures on the following items:

- Principal Methodologies and Models Used

- State of Obligor

The ratings of 345 cities and counties have been placed under review as a result of the analytical considerations in the new US Cities and Counties Methodology, which differ from those in the prior methodologies used to determine the current ratings. In most of these cases, all obligations of a city or county previously rated under the US Local Government General Obligation Debt and Lease, Appropriation, Moral Obligation and Comparable Debt of US Local Governments methodologies have been placed under review. In some of these cases, only the ratings of specific securities of a city or county have been placed under review, reflecting changes in methodology related to instrument-specific considerations.

The upgrade of non-general obligation instrument ratings of 16 obligors reflects the change in methodology related to instrument-specific considerations.

The newly assigned 1,600 Issuer Ratings align with the definition for Issuer Rating as outlined in Moody's Rating Symbols and Definitions. The new US Cities and Counties Methodology is used to assign Issuer Ratings that reflect the entity's ability to repay debt and debt-like obligations without consideration of any pledge, security or structural feature.

Each Issuer Rating reflects an evaluation of the key elements of the credit analysis for cities and counties, including the economy, finances, institutional framework and leverage together with other relevant considerations. Issuer Ratings are now used as the starting point for determining the debt instrument ratings assigned within the US Cities and Counties methodology.

The 4 municipal utility obligors are on review because the US Municipal Utility Revenue Debt methodology typically places the ratings of a municipality's utility debt within two notches of its issuer rating, which in these cases is being placed under review due to the change in methodology.

The 14 special tax obligors are on review because the US Public Finance Special Tax methodology typically places the special tax rating at or below the related issuer rating, which in these cases is being placed under review due to the change in methodology.

The 4 guaranteed obligors are on review because the Guarantees, Letters of Credit and Other Forms of Credit Substitution Methodology typically places the guarantee ratings at or below the issuer or general obligation rating, which in these cases is being placed under review due to the change in methodology.

FACTORS THAT COULD LEAD TO AN UPGRADE OF THE RATINGS

-For issuer ratings: Improvement in fundamental credit factors, including those related to economy, finances, institutional framework, or leverage

-For debt instrument ratings: Upgrade of the issuer level rating or strengthening of the structural and performance characteristics of individual debt securities.

FACTORS THAT COULD LEAD TO A DOWNGRADE OF THE RATINGS

-For issuer ratings: Declines in fundamental credit factors, including those related to economy, finances, institutional framework, or leverage

-For debt instrument ratings: Downgrade of the issuer level rating or weakening of the structural and performance characteristics of individual debt securities.

METHODOLOGY

The principal methodology used in the issuer, general obligation and lease ratings was US Cities and Counties Methodology published in November 2022 and available at https://ratings.moodys.com/api/rmc-documents/386953. The principal methodology used in the special tax ratings was US Public Finance Special Tax Methodology published in January 2021 and available at https://ratings.moodys.com/api/rmc-documents/70024. The principal methodology used in utility ratings was US Municipal Utility Revenue Debt Methodology published in April 2022 and available at https://ratings.moodys.com/api/rmc-documents/386721. The principal methodology used in guaranteed ratings was Guarantees, Letters of Credit and Other Forms of Credit Substitution Methodology published in July 2022 and available at https://ratings.moodys.com/api/rmc-documents/386295. Alternatively, please see the Rating Methodologies page on https://ratings.moodys.com for a copy of these methodologies.

REGULATORY DISCLOSURES

The List of Affected Credit Ratings announced here are a mix of solicited and unsolicited credit ratings. For additional information, please refer to Moody's Policy for Designating and Assigning Unsolicited Credit Ratings available on its website https://ratings.moodys.com. Additionally, the List of Affected Credit Ratings includes additional disclosures that vary with regard to some of the ratings.  Please click on this link http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PBM_PBM907921545 for the List of Affected Credit Ratings. This list is an integral part of this Press Release and provides, for each of the credit ratings covered, Moody's disclosures on the following items:

- Rating Solicitation

- Issuer Participation

- Participation: Access to Management

- Participation: Access to Internal Documents

- Endorsement

For further specification of Moody's key rating assumptions and sensitivity analysis, see the sections Methodology Assumptions and Sensitivity to Assumptions in the disclosure form. Moody's Rating Symbols and Definitions can be found on https://ratings.moodys.com/rating-definitions.

For ratings issued on a program, series, category/class of debt or security this announcement provides certain regulatory disclosures in relation to each rating of a subsequently issued bond or note of the same series, category/class of debt, security or pursuant to a program for which the ratings are derived exclusively from existing ratings in accordance with Moody's rating practices. For ratings issued on a support provider, this announcement provides certain regulatory disclosures in relation to the credit rating action on the support provider and in relation to each particular credit rating action for securities that derive their credit ratings from the support provider's credit rating. For provisional ratings, this announcement provides certain regulatory disclosures in relation to the provisional rating assigned, and in relation to a definitive rating that may be assigned subsequent to the final issuance of the debt, in each case where the transaction structure and terms have not changed prior to the assignment of the definitive rating in a manner that would have affected the rating. For further information please see the issuer/deal page for the respective issuer on https://ratings.moodys.com.

The ratings have been disclosed to the rated entity or its designated agent(s) and issued with no amendment resulting from that disclosure.

Regulatory disclosures contained in this press release apply to the credit rating and, if applicable, the related rating outlook or rating review.

Moody's general principles for assessing environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks in our credit analysis can be found at https://ratings.moodys.com/documents/PBC_1288235.

The below contact information is provided for information purposes only. For disclosures on the lead rating analyst and the Moody's legal entity that issued the rating, please see the issuer/deal page on https://ratings.moodys.com for each of the ratings covered.

Please see https://ratings.moodys.com for any updates on changes to the lead rating analyst and to the Moody's legal entity that has issued the rating.

Please see the issuer/deal page on https://ratings.moodys.com for additional regulatory disclosures for each credit rating.

Naomi Richman
Lead Analyst
PFG Admin
Moody's Investors Service, Inc.
7 World Trade Center
250 Greenwich Street
New York 10007
JOURNALISTS: 1 212 553 0376
Client Service: 1 212 553 1653

Matthew Jones
Additional Contact
PFG Admin
JOURNALISTS: 1 212 553 0376
Client Service: 1 212 553 1653

Releasing Office:
Moody's Investors Service, Inc.
250 Greenwich Street
New York, NY 10007
U.S.A
JOURNALISTS: 1 212 553 0376
Client Service: 1 212 553 1653

No Related Data.
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Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody’s Corporation (“MCO”), hereby discloses that most issuers of debt securities (including corporate and municipal bonds, debentures, notes and commercial paper) and preferred stock rated by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. have, prior to assignment of any credit rating, agreed to pay to Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. for credit ratings opinions and services rendered by it fees ranging from $1,000 to approximately $5,000,000. MCO and Moody’s Investors Service also maintain policies and procedures to address the independence of Moody’s Investors Service credit ratings and credit rating processes. Information regarding certain affiliations that may exist between directors of MCO and rated entities, and between entities who hold credit ratings from Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and have also publicly reported to the SEC an ownership interest in MCO of more than 5%, is posted annually at www.moodys.com under the heading “Investor Relations — Corporate Governance — Charter Documents - Director and Shareholder Affiliation Policy.”

Additional terms for Australia only: Any publication into Australia of this document is pursuant to the Australian Financial Services License of MOODY’S affiliate, Moody’s Investors Service Pty Limited ABN 61 003 399 657AFSL 336969 and/or Moody’s Analytics Australia Pty Ltd ABN 94 105 136 972 AFSL 383569 (as applicable). This document is intended to be provided only to “wholesale clients” within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. By continuing to access this document from within Australia, you represent to MOODY’S that you are, or are accessing the document as a representative of, a “wholesale client” and that neither you nor the entity you represent will directly or indirectly disseminate this document or its contents to “retail clients” within the meaning of section 761G of the Corporations Act 2001. MOODY’S credit rating is an opinion as to the creditworthiness of a debt obligation of the issuer, not on the equity securities of the issuer or any form of security that is available to retail investors.

Additional terms for Japan only: Moody's Japan K.K. (“MJKK”) is a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of Moody's Group Japan G.K., which is wholly-owned by Moody’s Overseas Holdings Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of MCO. Moody’s SF Japan K.K. (“MSFJ”) is a wholly-owned credit rating agency subsidiary of MJKK. MSFJ is not a Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization (“NRSRO”). Therefore, credit ratings assigned by MSFJ are Non-NRSRO Credit Ratings. Non-NRSRO Credit Ratings are assigned by an entity that is not a NRSRO and, consequently, the rated obligation will not qualify for certain types of treatment under U.S. laws. MJKK and MSFJ are credit rating agencies registered with the Japan Financial Services Agency and their registration numbers are FSA Commissioner (Ratings) No. 2 and 3 respectively.

MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable) hereby disclose that most issuers of debt securities (including corporate and municipal bonds, debentures, notes and commercial paper) and preferred stock rated by MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable) have, prior to assignment of any credit rating, agreed to pay to MJKK or MSFJ (as applicable) for credit ratings opinions and services rendered by it fees ranging from JPY100,000 to approximately JPY550,000,000.

MJKK and MSFJ also maintain policies and procedures to address Japanese regulatory requirements.

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