USD $292 million of debt securities affected
New York, March 21, 2011 -- Moody's Investors Service announced today that it has upgraded the ratings
of the following notes issued by Marquette US/European CLO, P.L.C.:
U.S. $103,905,000 Class A-1A Senior
Secured Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to A1(sf);
previously on August 21, 2009 Downgraded to A2(sf);
U.S. $11,545,000 Class A-1B Senior
Secured Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Baa2(sf);
previously on August 21, 2009 Downgraded to Baa3(sf);
86,151,000 Class A-2 Senior Secured Floating
Rate Euro Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to A3(sf); previously on
August 21, 2009 Downgraded to Baa1(sf);
U.S. $2,550,000 Class B-1 Senior
Secured Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Baa3(sf);
previously on August 21, 2009 Downgraded to Ba3(sf);
7,500,000 Class B-2 Senior Secured Floating Rate
Euro Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Baa3(sf); previously on August
21, 2009 Downgraded to Ba3(sf);
U.S. $10,000,000 Class C-1 Secured
Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Ba2(sf); previously
on November 23, 2010 Caa2(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible Upgrade;
7,937,000 Class C-2 Secured Floating Rate Euro
Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Ba2(sf); previously on November
23, 2010 Caa2(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible Upgrade;
U.S. $9,500,000 Class D-1 Secured
Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to B3(sf); previously
on November 23, 2010 Ca(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible Upgrade;
7,540,000 Class D-2 Secured Floating Rate Euro
Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to B3(sf); previously on November
23, 2010 Ca(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible Upgrade;
U.S. $3,000,000 Class E-1 Secured
Floating Rate Dollar Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Caa3(sf);
previously on November 23, 2010 C(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible
2,381,000 Class E-2 Secured Floating Rate Euro
Notes Due 2020, Upgraded to Caa3(sf); previously on November
23, 2010 C(sf) Placed Under Review for Possible Upgrade
Marquette US/European CLO, P.L.C., issued
in July 2006, is a multi-currency collateralized loan obligation
backed primarily by a portfolio of senior secured loans denominated in
U.S. dollars, Euros, and pounds sterling.
All par amounts cited are in U.S. dollar equivalent.
According to Moody's, the rating actions taken on the notes
result primarily from improvement in the credit quality of the underlying
portfolio and an increase in the transaction's overcollateralization
ratios since the rating action in August 21, 2009. In Moody's
view, these positive developments coincide with reinvestment of
sale proceeds (including higher than previously anticipated recoveries
realized on defaulted securities) into substitute assets with higher par
amounts and/or higher ratings.
Improvement in the credit quality is observed through an improvement in
the average credit rating (as measured by the weighted average rating
factor) and a decrease in the proportion of securities from issuers rated
Caa1 and below. In particular, as of the latest trustee report
dated February 11, 2011, the weighted average rating factor
is 2514 compared to 2615 in the July 2009 report, and securities
rated Caa1/CCC+ or lower make up approximately 6.98%
of the underlying portfolio versus 11.09% in July 2009.
Additionally, defaulted securities total about $1.25
million of the underlying portfolio compared to $18.17 million
in July 2009.
The overcollateralization ratios of the rated notes have also improved
since the rating action in July 2009. The Class A/B, Class
C, Class D and Class E overcollateralization ratios are reported
at 126.50%, 116.62%, 108.56%
and 106.24%, respectively, versus July 2009
levels of 118.40%, 109.27%, 101.81%
and 99.66%, respectively, and all related overcollateralization
tests are currently in compliance.
Due to the impact of revised and updated key assumptions referenced in
"Moody's Approach to Rating Collateralized Loan Obligations" and
"Annual Sector Review (2009): Global CLOs," key
model inputs used by Moody's in its analysis, such as par,
weighted average rating factor, diversity score, and weighted
average recovery rate, may be different from the trustee's reported
numbers. In its base case, Moody's analyzed the underlying
collateral pool to have a performing par and principal proceeds balance
of $309.8 million, defaulted par of $1.25
million, a weighted average default probability of 28.89%
(implying a WARF of 3810), a weighted average recovery rate upon
default of 47.25%, and a diversity score of 55.
These default and recovery properties of the collateral pool are incorporated
in cash flow model analysis where they are subject to stresses as a function
of the target rating of each CLO liability being reviewed. The
default probability is derived from the credit quality of the collateral
pool and Moody's expectation of the remaining life of the collateral
pool. The average recovery rate to be realized on future defaults
is based primarily on the seniority of the assets in the collateral pool.
In each case, historical and market performance trends and collateral
manager latitude for trading the collateral are also factors.
The principal methodology used in this rating was the "Moody's Approach
to Rating Collateralized Loan Obligations" published in August 2009.
Moody's Investors Service did not receive or take into account a
third party due diligence report on the underlying assets or financial
instruments related to the monitoring of this transaction in the past
Moody's modeled the transaction using the double binomial approach within
the Binomial Expansion Technique framework, as described in Sections
22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52
of the "Moody's Approach to Rating Collateralized Loan Obligations" rating
methodology published in August 2009.
For European obligors whose default probabilities are assessed through
credit estimates ("CEs"), Moody's applied a 0.25
notch-equivalent assumed downgrade to account for lack of credit
indicators such as ratings reviews and outlooks.
In addition to the base case analysis described above, Moody's also
performed sensitivity analyses to test the impact on all rated notes of
various default probabilities. Below is a summary of the impact
of different default probabilities (expressed in terms of WARF levels)
on all rated notes (shown in terms of the number of notches' difference
versus the current model output, where a positive difference corresponds
to lower expected loss), assuming that all other factors are held
Moody's Adjusted WARF --20% (3050)
Class A-1A: +1
Class A-1B: +2
Class A-2: +2
Class B-1: +2
Class B-2: +2
Class C-1: +2
Class C-2: +2
Class D-1: +2
Class D-2: +3
Class E-1: +3
Class E-2: +3
Moody's Adjusted WARF +20% (4574)
Class A-1A: -2
Class A-1B: -1
Class A-2: -2
Class B-1: -1
Class B-2: -1
Class C-1: -2
Class C-2: -2
Class D-1: -3
Class D-2: -2
Class E-1: 0
Class E-2: 0
Moody's notes that this transaction is subject to a high level of
macroeconomic uncertainty, as evidenced by 1) uncertainties of credit
conditions in the general economy and 2) the large concentration of speculative-grade
debt maturing between 2012 and 2014 which may create challenges for issuers
to refinance. CDO notes' performance may also be impacted
by 1) the manager's investment strategy and behavior, 2) divergence
in legal interpretation of CDO documentation by different transactional
parties due to embedded ambiguities.
Sources of additional performance uncertainties are described below:
Recovery of defaulted assets: Market value fluctuations in defaulted
assets reported by the trustee and those assumed to be defaulted by Moody's
may create volatility in the deal's overcollateralization levels.
Further, the timing of recoveries and the manager's decision
to work out versus sell defaulted assets create additional uncertainties.
Moody's analyzed defaulted recoveries assuming the lower of the
market price and the recovery rate in order to account for potential volatility
in market prices.
Weighted average life: The notes' ratings are sensitive to
the weighted average life assumption of the portfolio, which may
be extended due to the manager's decision to reinvest into new issue
loans or other loans with longer maturities and/or participate in amend-to-extend
offerings. Moody's tested for a possible extension of the
actual weighted average life in its analysis.
Other collateral quality metrics: The deal is allowed to reinvest
and the manager has the ability to deteriorate the collateral quality
metrics' existing cushions against the covenant levels. Moody's
analyzed the impact of assuming lower of reported and covenanted values
for weighted average rating factor, weighted average spread,
weighted average coupon, and diversity score.
The deal has significant exposure to non-USD denominated assets.
Volatilities in foreign exchange rate will have a direct impact on interest
and principal proceeds available to the transaction, which may affect
the expected loss of rated tranches.
Further information on Moody's analysis of this transaction is available
on www.moodys.com. In addition, Moody's publishes
a weekly summary of structured finance credit, ratings and methodologies,
available to all registered users of our web site, at www.moodys.com/SFQuickCheck.
Information sources used to prepare the credit rating are the following:
parties involved in the ratings, public information, and confidential
and proprietary Moody's Investors Service information.
Moody's Investors Service considers the quality of information available
on the issuer or obligation satisfactory for the purposes of maintaining
a credit rating.
Moody's adopts all necessary measures so that the information it uses
in assigning a credit rating is of sufficient quality and from sources
Moody's considers to be reliable including, when appropriate,
independent third-party sources. However, Moody's
is not an auditor and cannot in every instance independently verify or
validate information received in the rating process.
Please see ratings tab on the issuer/entity page on Moodys.com
for the last rating action and the rating history.
The date on which some Credit Ratings were first released goes back to
a time before Moody's Investors Service's Credit Ratings were fully digitized
and accurate data may not be available. Consequently, Moody's
Investors Service provides a date that it believes is the most reliable
and accurate based on the information that is available to it.
Please see the ratings disclosure page on our website www.moodys.com
for further information.
Please see the Credit Policy page on Moodys.com for the methodologies
used in determining ratings, further information on the meaning
of each rating category and the definition of default and recovery.
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Investors Service
Senior Vice President
Structured Finance Group
Moody's Investors Service
Moody's Investors Service
Moody's upgrades the ratings of notes issued by Marquette US/European CLO, P.L.C.
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